It may be just a few days since the onset of sinusitis, which is called acute sinusitis, or it may be a long-term problem that is never completely cured, which is called chronic sinusitis.
The main symptom of sinusitis is a throbbing pain and a feeling of pressure in the sinuses of the face, which gets worse by bending forward. Forehead sinusitis causes pain above the eyebrows and the forehead hurts when touched. Jaw sinusitis causes pain in the upper jaw and teeth and cheeks and may be confused with toothache. Inflammation of the atoid sinuses causes pain around and between the eyes and around the nose (pictured below), and inflammation of the sphenoid sinuses can cause earache, neck pain, pain behind the eyes, or above the head or temporal area. (The location of the sinuses is shown in the image above).
The causes of sinusitis are of two types: those that block the outflow of sinus secretions. Second, the factors that interfere with the movement of secretions from the sinuses.
Most cold viruses only cause nasal congestion. However, if the mucous membrane covering the nasal cavity and sinuses becomes swollen, it can block the outflow of mucus. As a result, secretions accumulated in the sinuses cause pressure and pain in the sinus area.
Sinusitis is caused by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the facial sinuses and blockage of the pores of their secretions.
In sinuses where secretions cannot be drained, bacteria and fungi are more likely to grow, and bacterial infections often cause more inflammation and pain. Any factor that causes inflammation and irritation of the nasal mucosa for a long time and as a result of swelling of the mucosa, causes chronic sinusitis; Such as pollen of flowers and trees, cold weather, alcohol consumption, perfumes, humid and brewed air, sensitivity to dust and microscopic creatures called mites, fungi and mold and long-term use of drugs.
People with asthma or allergies usually develop sinusitis. In fact, any factor that clogs the nasal passages and prevents the discharge of sinus secretions causes sinusitis. Factors such as nasal polyps or deviation of the middle septum of the nose can also cause sinusitis. Infections of the teeth and gums can spread to the sinuses. Factors that weaken the immune system, such as AIDS and cystic fibrosis, are less common causes of sinusitis. “Air pollution and smoking can aggravate sinusitis.”
Dr. Mahdis Esfahani, an ENT specialist, also believes:
“Sinusitis becomes common with the onset of winter and requires people with the condition to see a doctor for treatment. The cause of this disease is colds and exposure to cold weather and its treatment should not be neglected.
Prolonged colds or severe allergies and lack of recovery are symptoms of sinusitis. Colds and allergies cause nasal congestion and obstruction of the sinuses, which can lead to accumulation of secretions inside the sinuses and the development of sinusitis.
Sinusitis refers to a group of diseases that manifest themselves by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the facial sinuses, and this inflammation is actually a complication of airway infections caused by obstruction of the sinuses.
One of the best and most effective ways to treat sinusitis is regular incense
If the symptoms of sinusitis are observed for less than four weeks, acute sinusitis and more than that, chronic sinusitis have occurred.
Sinusitis is treated with oral antibiotics and topical corticosteroids (nasal sprays) under the supervision of a doctor, who must use these drugs for a long time to show their effect and remain stable.
People with underlying disease and structural disorders of the nose and sinuses should avoid other risk factors such as viral infections. Getting a flu shot early in the fall can help. This can be especially effective for people with respiratory illnesses (such as asthma). “Sinusitis patients should not be exposed to secondhand smoke.”