If you are planning to exfoliate your skin, we recommend that you pay attention to the important issues in this field before doing it and do not do this with your skin without consulting your doctor.
The process by which dead cells are removed from the surface of the skin is called “exfoliation.” When a person is over 30 years old, these dead cells accumulate more on his skin because the skin’s ability to get rid of these dead cells decreases with age, so you must remove these dead cells from the skin with an external agent, peeling causes Dead cells can be removed from the surface of the skin and make room for new, younger cells to make the skin look younger with these young cells.
What you need to know about chemical peels
In these methods, a solution with an acidic base is used to separate the outer layer and the damaged skin. In this way, a mild, controlled chemical burn is created on the skin, and the dead cells are replaced by healthy, young cells. These solutions also stimulate the underlying layers to produce collagen and elastin in the skin. These two factors play an essential role in skin freshness and youth.
Which exfoliators should your doctor prescribe?
Some exfoliating creams should be used under a doctor’s supervision, especially high-concentration exfoliators that are prescribed to treat certain diseases such as acne, acne scars, acne comedones, and exfoliating phenols have irreversible side effects if used improperly. Because improper use can cause skin irritation and inflammation, dry skin as well as intensification of skin pigments, blemishes and sensitivity to sunlight, permanent scars, light or thick in different areas of the skin.
Also, considering the color of the skin, the reaction of the skin in different parts of the body, and also considering that exfoliating creams do not have the same reaction in all people, it is better for the specialist doctor to say which cream is right for you, because you may not use it properly. These drugs have the opposite effect.
Who is superficial peeling recommended for?
Superficial exfoliation is used to remove the initial effects of the sun on the skin, fine skin folds and slight discoloration. Their main constituents are usually hydroxy acids (alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) and beta hydroxy acid (BHA)) in concentrations of 20 to 70%, or other exfoliating agents. The use of surface chemical peels should be prescribed by an expert.
However, there are milder types of these exfoliators with lower concentrations for general use. In addition, to achieve the desired result, it is necessary to repeat this process 4 to 5 times during 2 to 4 weeks and then 4 times a year. Hydroxy acids have an important effect on skin rejuvenation because they can exfoliate oily skin and penetrate deep into the skin without causing inflammation. The most well-known beta-hydroxy acid is salicylic acid, which is widely used to treat acne.
Exfoliation for the body
In this type of exfoliation, peeling and separation of the damaged layer takes 3 to 7 days. Redness and inflammation of the skin may last for up to 2 months, although the skin usually returns to a relatively normal state after one to two weeks, after which the remaining inflammation is covered with cosmetics. By using exfoliation with medium-strength products, the person rarely feels severe pain and discomfort, and the complications can be controlled by conventional methods.
Which creams can be used without a doctor’s prescription?
Creams or chemical solutions containing substances such as alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), rtinoids, natural enzymes and are known as exfoliators. When these substances are rubbed on the skin, depending on the type of solution, dead cells are destroyed on the skin one to 14 days after use, to be replaced by young cells. And use it at home at night while sleeping.
It is better not to use these products around the eyes and around the mouth because it will cause irritation, redness and inflammation in these areas. Higher percentages such as 50% and 70% should be used by a dermatologist.
What you need to know about mechanical peeling
Microdermabrasion method is the most common mechanical peeling that has good effects on skin quality and also with its effect on the penetration of skin drugs, is an important aid in the treatment of facial blemishes. Wrinkles are also effective.
Microdermabrasion to rejuvenate the skin
In this method, using a special device, a very fine crystal of aluminum oxide is contacted with the skin surface at an adjusted pressure, creating a very superficial cut in the upper stratum corneum. In addition, a suction is performed on the skin, which causes the crystals to collect from the surface of the skin, as well as improving blood flow to the area and activating fibroblast cells, thus repairing and refreshing the skin.
Many people are dissatisfied with pimples on their face that do not respond to chemical medications. Microdermabrasion can be used to remove pimples. Microdermabrasion can also be used to treat acne and chicken pox. Scar scars should not be too deep and often require several sessions of weekly treatment, depending on the type of scar (location) and its location and depth. The laser can be used if the boil is deep and the microdermabrasion is frequent.
What are the complications of microdermabrasion?
The aluminum crystals used in this procedure do not have any side effects on the skin because the doctor can control the flow and speed of the crystals. Microdermabrasion can be used alone or as an adjunct to laser treatment for scars and blemishes because it is both non-invasive and does not require much postoperative care.
Does microdermabrasion hurt?
Microdermabrasion treatment is painless and does not require anesthesia. The length of the operation depends on the size of the skin surface. After microdermabrasion, the patient can do their daily work without any restrictions and can use non-irritating cosmetics. After the first treatment, the skin becomes smooth and clear, and the number of times this procedure should be performed can be predicted from 4 to 10 sessions, depending on the skin and the lesion, and the interval between sessions varies from once a week to 4 weeks, depending on the lesion.
What is the difference between peeling and microdermabrasion?
The use of exfoliating chemicals is the same as peeling; Substances such as salicylic acid, citric acid, fruit acids or alpha-hydroxy acid AHA or trichloroacetic acid (TCA). In this method, exfoliating acids with different percentages are applied on the skin of the face and the exfoliation operation is done chemically, but in microdermabrasion, the device is exfoliated mechanically with the device and aluminum oxide crystals on the skin surface.
What you need to know about laser peeling
Carbon dioxide or fractional laser is commonly used for this purpose and is used in the treatment of some skin diseases such as scars, macaws and brown spots that are seen on the face and hands of most elderly people, as well as skin rejuvenation.
Who is the fractional laser used for?
Fractional laser is used to treat skin aging. In this method, the laser removes the surface layer of the skin locally in parts of the skin and stays healthy around these heat columns, which accelerates the skin repair process. Because the stratum corneum remains intact during the laser, the skin’s natural activity is maintained as a protective barrier.
Of course, this technique is not only used in skin aging and is also used in other cases such as scars or pimples or surgery and burns, skin discoloration, open pores, increased skin consistency (stretch marks) and skin rejuvenation.
How long does a laser peel take?
With newer scanned ultrapulse laser devices, skin laser surgery usually takes less than an hour. Immediately after the operation, the skin becomes inflamed and turns pink or red, and the patient feels a burn or itching. In the open technique, Vaseline ointment or a combination ointment is used on the skin. Depending on the patient’s skin condition and type, the doctor can use the method. Use a semi-permeable bed dressing. Swelling of the face is normal between the second and fourth day, between 7 and 10 days the patient has red and pink skin that gradually progresses to normalization and disappears around the third week after surgery.
Laser treatment in the hairdresser
In no case should laser treatment be done in a hairdresser, but should be done by a dermatologist or a plastic surgeon, and this operation is done by non-specialists in hairdressers and even by general practitioners who are engaged in laser treatment as a dermatologist. Is and can be dangerous.
If you have an acute skin problem
Phenol compounds are used in deep peels. Phenolic compounds are very strong exfoliators that can be used once a year to achieve the desired result. One deep chemical peel may take 60 to 90 minutes, during which time the solution is applied to each part of the face for 15 minutes. Normally, because the procedure is painful, local anesthesia is performed first and the patient’s heart condition is monitored. After exfoliation, the person is advised to refrain from daily activities for 2 weeks, although redness of the skin may persist for up to 3 months. . This method is not suitable for dark skin.
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