Health

Stomach cancer with some carcinogens

According to researchers, the most common cancer in men is gastric cancer, which will be known as the deadliest cancer as the disease continues in the future, and breast cancer in women is also known as the fifth leading cause of death.

Cancer is a disease that young and old people do not know. The prevalence of cancer has increased in recent years due to changes in people’s lifestyles, so that 90,000 people are added to the number of cancer patients in Iran every year. In Iran, as in the global trend, it is increasing.

The role of overweight in cancer

Findings from researchers at the National Cancer Institute in Maryland show that those who were overweight in their 20s were 60 to 80 percent more likely to develop esophageal and gastric cancers than those who were always normal weight; Cancers that have a very low chance of survival. Those who gain more than 20 kilograms in adulthood are twice as likely to develop esophageal cancer as those who have small weight changes.

According to researchers, it is not yet clear exactly why obesity leads to these two cancers, but being overweight can put pressure on the abdominal organs and lead to long-term problems with gastroesophageal reflux disease and heart palpitations, which in turn can lead to these problems. Will cause cancer.

“By eliminating fast foods, sugary drinks, sugar, chocolate and high-calorie foods, as well as exercising daily, you can keep your weight in balance,” says the director of health information at the Cancer Research Center. Maintaining a normal weight throughout life, especially at a young age, can prevent many cancers.

The important role of psychological factors in the incidence of cancer

Ismail Akbari, director of the Cancer Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, says in this regard: “Unfortunately, cancer has become an acute and major problem in Iran, which will face great problems in society in the future.” Currently, the prevalence of cancer in our country is much lower than in Western countries, but compared to neighboring countries, the cancer rate in Iran is increasing.

According to Akbari, fortunately, in recent years, life expectancy in our country has increased from 56 to 74 years, but the growth rate of cancer has also increased. The most common cancer in men is gastric cancer, which in the future will be the most deadly cancer.

Breast cancer is the fifth leading cause of death in women

Regarding the latest cancer studies, the head of the Shahid Beheshti Cancer Research Center says: “It should be noted that psychological factors are very important in the incidence of breast cancer in women, and studies show that misunderstandings between couples and the emergence of psychological factors.” It plays an important role in causing cancer. Divorce is the second leading cause of cancer in psychology, and the third leading cause of cancer in women is the death of close relatives. It should also not be forgotten that one of the causes of psychological problems in men is unemployment, which should not be ignored in the incidence of cancer in men.

Regarding breast cancer in women, he explained: “This type of cancer is the fifth leading cause of death in women, and 3,400 people die every year due to this disease.”

“Pancreatic cancer” tops deadly cancers

According to studies, pancreatic cancer will kill at least 12,000 people in the UK by 2026, a 30 percent increase over the previous decade. On the other hand, this number is separate from the statistics of people who are known to have this disease.

Late diagnosis of the disease either leads to untreated disease or it takes a long time for the person to find the surgical conditions, so the number of deaths due to this disease is on the rise. Currently, only 8% of patients with pancreatitis are eligible for surgery.

Symptoms of this disease include weight loss, jaundice, and pain in the stomach area; At least 10,000 people are now diagnosed with pancreatic cancer each year. If the cancer is diagnosed early and surgery is performed on time, the person will survive for up to 5 years after surgery, if the cancer has spread to nearby tissues, the person will eventually live for 11 months, and if the cancer cells spread throughout the body. If the organs are also involved, the person will eventually survive for 2 to 6 months.

Studies by scientists show that foods high in magnesium are a good shield for the pancreas against cancer; Dark chocolate is also on top of these foods.

Spinach, kale, brown rice, bananas, avocados, watermelons, nuts, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, almonds, legumes and fish also contain high amounts of magnesium.

The prominent role of radiotherapy in the treatment of cancer

Hamidreza Mirzaei, a specialist in radiotherapy and oncology, says about the treatment process of cancer patients: “Unfortunately, in many cases, chemotherapy for the treatment of patients does not have the desired results and will not even increase the patient’s life expectancy.”

According to him, it is important to note that a radiotherapy device can treat 100 patients daily for 30 years and its effectiveness is more than chemotherapy methods. It is true that the cost of buying a radiotherapy device is high, but at the moment a lot of money is spent on chemotherapy drugs.

“Unfortunately, the behind-the-scenes business of pharmaceutical companies is pushing the budget to use more chemotherapy drugs,” said the radiotherapist and oncologist.

In the end, Mirzaei says: it is better to use both types of treatment with the necessary and sufficient planning and leave this task to a specialized group, which will result in preventing patients from wandering.

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