What causes sunburn, what kind of effects does this complication have on the skin, and with what recommendations will we be able to prevent this complication?
Sunburn can occur by unsafe exposure to any natural or artificial source of ultraviolet (UV) rays, including the sun or tanning beds. The main problem with sunburn is direct damage to DNA by UV rays, which ultimately leads to the death of skin cells. Symptoms of sunburn appear on the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis.
Inflammation that enters the DNA due to damage caused by UV rays and destroys skin cells, causes blood vessels in the skin to dilate, creating a special redness on the skin that we all experience after sunburn.
Increased blood flow to the affected area can cause itchy skin or raise the temperature of the affected area to such an extent that we experience high heat when touched. This can manifest itself after a few minutes of sun exposure, or it can occur several hours later or in the coming days. Sunburn usually occurs three hours after sun exposure and peaks after 24 hours. To determine the severity of the damage, we must look for possible blisters caused by sunburn.
Our human body reacts when it is exposed to disease or injury, which is called an inflammatory reaction. Because sunburn is a type of skin poisoning, the body’s inflammatory response also occurs to varying degrees. This means that when UV rays damage cells, blood vessels in the surrounding tissues expand and certain chemicals, such as histamine, bradykinin, etc., can cause a variety of symptoms, including skin swelling, headache, fever, chills, or weakness.