Symptoms and treatment of hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids

Do you know about hemorrhoids? In this section of Dr. Salam’s medical magazine, we introduce you to this disease and its treatment.

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You may not be familiar with the name hemorrhoids, but you must have heard the word hemorrhoids. It should be mentioned that hemorrhoids are the same as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are the vascular entanglements in the anus area that become full of blood and swollen due to pressure on the pelvic floor during defecation, and in case of repeated and continued constipation, these vascular entanglements rupture and bleed and discharge. It appears from the anus. What is the main cause of hemorrhoids? The main cause of hemorrhoids is constipation and long-term straining during defecation and lifting heavy objects, which is followed by pressure on the pelvic floor and causes bleeding of these vascular problems (hemorrhoids).

What are the signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids?

1- Bleeding: The most common symptom of hemorrhoids is bleeding during defecation, which occurs after passing hard stools and blood drips on the toilet bowl. 2- Expulsion of the mass: sometimes it happens that an appendage comes out of the patient’s rectum after straining, sometimes it moves by itself, and sometimes the patient moves it with his hand while washing, and sometimes the mass remains outside. It remains and causes pain, so the patient should see a colorectal surgeon as soon as possible. 3- Pain: Hemorrhoids are divided into two categories: The first category is called internal hemorrhoids, which are mostly painless, the only symptom of which is bleeding with the mass coming out of the anus. The second category is external hemorrhoids, which are accompanied by pain and touching the mass. They are sensitive in the anus region, which sometimes causes bleeding under the skin and causes severe pain. In this case, it is necessary to see a surgeon. What measures should you take if you have these symptoms? If there is blood in the stool, you must For a definitive diagnosis, you should see a doctor, especially a surgeon. Because bleeding is one of the symptoms of diseases such as colon cancer, etc., for further investigation, the doctor must perform the necessary examinations and tests on you. Can these symptoms be symptoms of cancer or malignant diseases? Yes. A percentage of lower digestive tract bleeding is due to intestinal cancers. Therefore, any bleeding from the anus should be investigated.

How to implement care instructions for hemorrhoid treatment:

1- Using a high-fiber diet such as plenty of fruits, vegetables, and plenty of liquids.

2- Correcting defecation habits: defecation on time and avoiding sitting in the toilet for a long time is a basic condition. The best time to have a bowel movement is usually 60 minutes after eating. Morning after breakfast or after dinner may be a good time.

3- Avoiding long straining during defecation and avoiding standing for long periods at work or home.

4- Use of psyllium powder or other medicines that the doctor prescribes for you.

5- Using warm water for washing during defecation

6. Hot water basin after defecation. Use at least 2 times a day (morning and evening) for 20 minutes each time.

7- Using topical ointments such as anti-hemorrhoid or suppositories and lidocaine according to the doctor’s prescription.

Surgical treatment for advanced hemorrhoids is that hemorrhoid tissues are removed and sutured by the surgeon, which requires post-operative care.

Recommendations after hemorrhoid surgery:
1- Modifying the diet by using high-fiber foods such as consuming vegetables, fruits, psyllium powder, and plenty of fluids.
2-Regulating regular and timely defecation, usually one hour after eating is the right time for defecation.
3- Washing with warm water.
4- Using anti-hemorrhoid ointment or its suppositories after defecation according to the doctor’s prescription.
5- Sit in the basin of warm water for 15-20 minutes after defecation and it is useful to repeat it 2-3 times a day.

Bleeding after surgery:
For a few days after the operation, you may have a brief bleeding or bleeding, which is normal. You should avoid constipation and straining during defecation and using a hot water basin is also helpful. If constipation and straining during defecation continue, the possibility of bleeding after surgery increases. In case of severe bleeding or its continuation, see a doctor or hospital emergency room as soon as possible.

August 20, 1391 17:07

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