What is chest congestion? What are the symptoms and how can it be treated? Abdominal breathing, enlarged nostrils, and wheezing while breathing are some of the symptoms of chest congestion that upset the baby and make the parents anxious. Breast congestion is often due to excessive mucus in the breast, but may be due to other health problems that require medical intervention. In this article from the section diseasesDr. Salam, we will tell you about chest congestion, its causes, symptoms and how to cope with it.
What is chest congestion?
Congestion is excessive accumulation of mucus in the lungs, trachea and trachea. Mucus is the body’s first line of defense. The body’s respiratory system is covered with cells that produce a sticky mucus that surrounds viruses and other foreign objects. The upper respiratory tract produces more mucus if a virus or external mass is detected. This extra mucus blocks the airways and causes chest congestion. Thus, chest congestion is one of the symptoms of infection or foreign mass entry, and breast congestion itself has several other symptoms.
What are the symptoms of breast congestion?
A child with congestive heart failure may have the following symptoms:
CoughWet and severe cough indicates accumulation of mucus in the lungs. Coughing with a snoring sound is a sign that the mucus comes out of the chest with each cough.
Excess mucus in the mouthThe child may also cough up sputum in his mouth. Sputum is a mucus produced only by the respiratory system. Coughing sputum is a way for a child to get rid of other viruses and germs.
Whisper : The baby’s breathing may be accompanied by wheezing because the airway is blocked due to inflammation of the airways and accumulation of mucus. Whistling is like a faint whistle, or wind blowing in a tunnel, or a rattling sound.
Anorexia : The child can not eat or loses appetite.
Nag Persistent chest congestion and shortness of breath cause the child to feel uncomfortable and sad. Congestion of the chest itself is a sign of infection or problem in the upper respiratory tract. Symptoms of breast congestion can vary depending on the underlying cause.
When should I see a doctor?
See a specialist when your child has the following symptoms:
- Fever, body temperature above 38 ° C (4/100 ° F)
- Persistent lethargy and drowsiness
- Anorexia for a day
- Swelling of the face, neck or eyes
- Hard breathing
Your doctor will diagnose chest congestion by listening to your baby breathe. The main causes can be detected by blood and sputum tests. There are several reasons why a baby may develop chest congestion.
What are the causes of breast congestion in children?
Here are some common causes of breast congestion in infants:
InfectionViruses can overproduce mucus in the body. A common infection that causes chest congestion is the common cold. Numerous viruses, such as the respiratory syncytial virus, can cause chest congestion in children due to the common cold.
allergyAllergies can also lead to excessive mucus secretion in the upper respiratory tract. Allergies such as asthma and allergic rhinitis (Alfalfa fever), lead to excessive mucus secretion in the lungs.
Irritant exposureInhaling a stimulant such as cigarettes or dirt can also cause congestion in the baby’s chest.
Genetic diseasesSome genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis or mucosal stiffness, naturally cause the body to produce more mucus. Infants with conditions such as cystic fibrosis have more mucus secretion in the lungs than normal. Treatment of breast congestion depends on the underlying cause.
How to treat chest congestion می To be?
Breast congestion in infants improves with treatment of the underlying cause. Antibiotics and expectorants are commonly used to treat chest congestion. Laxatives loosen the mucus and help the baby expel it.
Management of viral infections, allergies and genetic diseases Another way to treat chest congestion is. Viral infections cannot be treated with antibiotics, but they go away over time as the immune system gets stronger. Sensitivity and Genetic diseases They are also permanent and may never be cured. Proper management is the solution to prevent your child from being upset by them.
Consult a specialist about proper treatment and prevent self-medication. Of course, you can try some home remedies to relieve your baby from breast congestion.
Home remedies for breast congestion
You can use the following home remedies for breast congestion in children:
Increase baby meals To give more fluids to the baby; Because fluids help loosen the mucus and the baby’s body does not become dehydrated. Children with congestive heart failure may eat less than usual. Increasing meals leads to proper nutrition. Breast milk is also the only source of fluids for children under six months.
Consume more fluids For infants older than six months, give small portions of water. Water, like other liquids, relaxes the breast mucosa. You can also give liquid foods such as vegetable broth and thin purees to a child on a solid diet.
Eat coldVaporizer is a device that sends water vapor into the air. The humidity in the room causes the mucus to disintegrate and makes it easier for the baby to breathe. It also moisturizes the upper respiratory tract. Use cold fumigation and do not use hot fumigation or steam bath as it poses a risk of burns.
Hold the baby’s head highLay the baby on your feet with his head up. This drains the mucus and spills it down and over the chest; So it helps the baby to sleep and breathe better. If your baby is over 18 months old, you can use a pillow to hold his head up. Do not use pillows for children under 18 months.
Knocking on the back: Put the baby on your feet so that his back is in front of you. Hold the body with one hand and tap gently between the baby’s shoulder bones with the other. Keep doing this for a few seconds to loosen the thick mucus and make it easier to breathe.
If the child has cystic fibrosis, a regular, distinct stroke of the hand is needed. A doctor or cystic fibrosis specialist can teach you the right way to tap according to your child’s age and the severity of his or her illness.
Baby ointment: You can apply wax or any other safe and cold ointment on the baby’s back before going to bed. This relaxes the mucus and soothes the baby.
The above home remedies can be done simultaneously with medical treatments. Medical and home remedies make the child feel better, but prevention is always better than cure.
How to prevent baby congestion?
Preventing breast congestion in children is to avoid all things that lead to excessive accumulation of mucus in the breast. The following are precautionary measures:
- Maintain healthKeep the items around and holding the baby clean and hygienic. Older babies and toddlers should wash their hands after playing outside. If someone in the family is sick or has symptoms of a cold, they should avoid contact with the child to prevent the virus from spreading.
- Be aware of allergies and genetic diseasesIf you know your child has allergies, keep them away from allergens. Infants with genetic diseases such as Cystic fibrosis They need regular care to prevent chest congestion.
- Regular vaccinationsMany diseases that lead to breast congestion can be prevented by vaccination. Vaccination injections should be given on time.
- Avoid exposing children to irritantsCar smoke and cigarettes are potential stimulants of the upper respiratory tract. Avoid taking children to places that expose them to air pollution. Do not let anyone smoke in the house because even small amounts of tobacco smoke can irritate the baby’s lungs.
Chest congestion can be frustrating for a baby; But proper control and care of the home will accelerate the child’s recovery. Also, try different situations and avoid situations that cause chest congestion so that nothing upsets the baby. Simple measures can prevent mucus buildup and make it easier for the baby to breathe.