Health

Take nervous tics seriously!

Dr. Mohammad Reza Shalbafan: A number of children who develop a tic start their problems a few days after a purulent sore throat. Families should know that if they see such a problem, they should see a psychiatrist or neurologist very quickly, as this tick may be due to the negative effect of the infection on parts of the brain.

Tick ​​is one of the motor and psychiatric diseases that is obviously due to problems in parts of the brain.
Accompanied by obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is one of the most important problems in many people. The association of tics with obsessive-compulsive disorder can indicate the need to see a psychiatrist early and the need for appropriate medical treatment as soon as possible. A significant number of people with chronic obsessive-compulsive disorder also suffer from tics, which doubles the problem for these patients.

What causes a tick?

Tick ​​is a movement and psychiatric disorder that is clearly caused by problems in parts of the brain.

In fact, the part of the brain that is responsible for controlling extra movement does not function properly in these patients, and it is now clear that psychosocial pressures do not play a major role in causing this disorder, and the main cause of this problem is physical.

Tick ​​and throat infection

Some children who develop a tic start their problems a few days after a purulent sore throat. Families should know that if they see such a problem, they should see a psychiatrist or neurologist very soon, as this tick may be due to the negative effect of infection on parts of the brain.

Is the tick available to the person?

Many families consider tics to be a show of force and stubbornness, saying, “How is it that sometimes there is a tic and sometimes there is no tic?” The tic is not completely involuntary, but the person can only stop it for a short time, but in most cases, after this short period, the tic occurs with more intensity and number. On the other hand, tics intensify in cases such as anxious situations such as attending meetings and starting exams, as well as being in unfavorable weather, and in practice, parents may increase tics if they pay more attention and transfer their worries to the child. Be in him.

Do all ticks need treatment?

No. In many cases, tics are transient, short-lived, and invisible, and practically only the person and those very close to them are aware of it. Such a tic does not require treatment or even a visit to a psychiatrist if it is not accompanied by other diseases such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and purulent infection. In the case of such tics, the best help to the patient is to ignore the tic.

However, if a tic leads to a problem in a person’s social relationships and is uncomfortable for him or herself or if it leads to pain in the body, he / she needs to see a psychiatrist and get treatment as soon as possible.

What is a tick?

A “tic” is a repetitive, almost constant movement of the body’s muscles that occurs almost involuntarily.

These movements, which usually show up for the first time in childhood and school age, affect about 7% of children at some point.

Depending on which muscle group these movements appear in, they can create a movement tic or a sound tic. The most common tic is eye closure, which is usually bilateral but can also be seen unilaterally. About 3% of the general population also has at least one chronic tick.

Medication, the main treatment for tic disorder

But people who see a psychiatrist because of a tic are fortunately treated in many cases with treatment, the main part of which is medication. Fortunately, there are now few side effects and effective treatments for tics that can help. Of course, in addition to medication, behavioral therapies can also help these people to enjoy life without disturbing an additional troublesome movement.

* Psychiatrist and faculty member of Iran University of Medical Sciences

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