These contraceptive pills can have many negative and harmful effects on you and cause many disorders in your body. Frequent use of this medicine can have a great risk to your health. It is better to be careful when using it.
Contraceptive pills or Ocp are made to prevent women’s fertility and stop the hormonal cycle. From previous years until today, the amount of medication per day has been tried to be reduced so that the medication works more effectively and also leaves less side effects. However, every woman It will have a different reaction to these pills like any other drug, and for this reason, some side effects are inevitable, because most women complain about the use of these contraceptive pills, and it is a reason for their problems, such as nervous and digestive problems. . . they know.
From yesterday to today, contraceptive pills
Dr. Chitsaz, a pharmacist, in a conversation with the reporter of the Young Journalists Club, referring to the general characteristics of contraceptive pills, says that contraceptive pills were first made by a factory in Germany in 1965. These pills are basically two female hormones called estrogen and progesterone. It is established that their estrogen is almost 80% of the pills of the ethinyl estradiol type and their progesterone can be different, for example, of the levonorgestrel type.
He added: Since the part of ethinyl estradiol is usually constant in all pills, the pills are divided into high or low dose pills according to how much of this substance they contain, this iatrogenic part of contraceptive pills is very problematic. And they can cause temporary or even permanent side effects.
One pill and one function with a market of brands
Different types of compounds for the production of birth control pills are commercially produced in the Iranian market, and all these compounds are made by changing the different types of estrogen and progesterone and their dosage.
Gynecologist Dr. Nosh-Afarin Sattari said about the different types of birth control pills: Common pills that exist in Iran are HD, LD, DE, breastfeeding pills, Yasmin, Yaz, and Marlon. . . are the basis of all of them are estrogen and progesterone hormones and they have entered the market mostly under different brand names.
He said: The type of estrogen and the type of progesterone of these pills can differ from the pharmacological point of view of the dose of the drug, which in the end, the function of all of them is similar and according to the amount of their hormones, there are different brand names.
How do birth control pills prevent pregnancy?
Gynecologist Dr. Sattari said: ovulation controlling hormones (LH, FSH) are secreted by the pituitary gland.
By raising the level of female hormones, contraceptive pills make the body recognize that there is enough female hormone, so there is no need to secrete the two main hormones, LH and FSH, so their levels are greatly reduced and ovulation stops.
He added: In fact, the mechanism of action of most contraceptive pills is to stop ovulation, but the progesterone part also reduces the thickness of the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium), which makes it difficult for the fetus to sit inside the uterus and be expelled if ovulation occurs. .
Do hormonal pills have any benefits?
Referring to the benefits of these pills, this gynecologist said: There is a misconception among women that birth control pills cause infertility, when this is not the case, and by stopping their use, there is a possibility of pregnancy. Also, their other benefits include reducing the risk of infection. and pelvic inflammation, reduction of pains and problems caused by hormonal changes, elimination of stress and nervous irritations, treatment and re-formation of some ovarian cysts, reduction of pain caused by endometriosis diseases, reduction of osteoporosis after menopause, elimination of skin acne and He mentioned reducing the risk of ectopic pregnancy for healthy women.
Severe side effects of birth control pills and increased concerns
Immediately after the prevalence of the use of these pills, the concern about the side effects of these contraceptive pills increased, and yet studies have shown that many of the side effects of these drugs are dose-dependent, and the amount of side effects may decrease by reducing the dose.
Dr. Noushafarin Sattari says: these pills must be taken under the supervision of a doctor, because if it is necessary to use them, the doctor will regularly perform mammography and ultrasound and take a cervical test in order to prevent the complications caused by them, but long-term and arbitrary use Such drugs can cause severe side effects.
Referring to the severe side effects of birth control pills, he said: Among the side effects of these pills during use are spotting with regular pill use, nausea, vomiting, breast swelling and pain, bloating, changes in sexual desire, mood changes, especially dry eyes. In people who use lenses for refractive errors, he mentioned the lack of vitamins B6 and B12, migraine headaches, etc.
The greatest concern about carcinogenic effects is breast cancer, and the Ministry of Health has warned consumers of an increased risk of breast cancer.
This gynecologist stated: In recent studies, it has been shown that the risk of breast cancer increases in the use of birth control pills in young and middle-aged women, that 10 years after stopping the pills, this risk is equal to that of a normal person, however, in case of breast cancer in A woman who has never used these pills, the cancer is more limited to the breast, and the probability of spreading is less and the treatment will be easier. Also, taking these types of pills doubles the risk of uterine cancer.
Prohibitions on the use of birth control pills
When choosing a contraceptive method, each person’s doctor and midwife asks questions about their habits, health status, and their family’s medical history to make sure that the method they choose is suitable and risk-free for each person.
In this regard, Dr. Sattari said: the use of birth control pills for people who smoke or have diabetes, blood pressure, thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, active hepatitis and liver diseases, unspecified uterine bleeding, gall bladder diseases, etc., and their bodies are prone to some Cancers are sensitive, it is forbidden, because taking these pills aggravates their disease and creates an unfavorable situation for them.
He added: The best alternative to these pills is the IU device, which does not add too much hormone to the body, closing the tubes is not recommended for both women and men due to permanent infertility.
Do not thicken your blood!
Regarding the increase in blood pressure with the use of birth control pills, this gynecologist said: the use of hormonal pills increases blood pressure and thickens it, and this increase in blood pressure is more in older people, so the prescription of pills from the age of 35 and above should be done with caution. And it must be under the supervision of a physician. High blood pressure is asymptomatic, but it is possible that symptoms such as headache, fatigue, anger, heart palpitations, and nosebleeds will appear after continued use.
He said: Blood thickening by taking birth control pills leads to blood clots in the veins of the legs, heart and brain, which causes strokes and sometimes heart attacks.
In addition, Dr. Sezavar, a cardiologist, says: One of the dangers of taking birth control pills is the increase in blood clotting, which can cause blood clots in the lower veins, embolism, high blood pressure, and heart attacks, and people who smoke at the same time are twice as likely as others. People are prone to cardiovascular problems.
Taking drugs at the same time as birth control pills is good or bad?
Referring to the interaction of some drugs with birth control pills, Dr. Chitsaz stated: some herbal and chemical drugs can reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills, and vice versa, for example, simultaneous use of antibiotics or antidepressants with birth control pills reduces the effect of birth control pills and Antihypertensive and antidiabetic drugs are reduced when taken together with birth control pills, so you should consult a doctor regarding the interaction of the pills.
Do not keep extra hormones in your body
Therefore, the use of these pills for a long time without stopping is not recommended at all. As mentioned, these pills contain the hormone ethinyl estradiol, and in fact, the ethinyl group added to this estradiol makes the hormone remain in the body for a long time, that is, if the pill If it is stopped today, it will take several months for the entire drug to be removed from the body, therefore, they should take birth control pills under the supervision and permission of the doctor, and if they see symptoms such as severe chest pain, severe abdominal pain, shortness of breath, swelling and pain in the Ex or thigh, vision disturbances, presence of lump in the breast and redness or burning of the skin immediately report the matter to your doctor.