One of the risk factors for people over the age of 40 is the formation of blood clots, which clog the main arteries of the body and can be very painful and in some cases lead to death.
According to the science and technology group of Imena news agency, blood clots can be created in all arteries of the body and cause serious and deadly injuries. Although blood clotting is a normal process, most people are unaware of this phenomenon and usually realize it when the blood clots too much and causes serious damage to organs..
A blood clot in the arteries can be quite dangerous and even fatal. Deep vein thrombosis occurs when a blood clot gets stuck in one of the large veins. The most common of these blood clots occurs in the legs, but blood clots can occur in other parts of the body, such as the arms, pelvis, lungs, and even the brain..
A small, immobile blood clot is usually harmless.But if a limb fracture occurs with a blood clot, the blood clot may travel to the heart and lungs.. The movement of the clot towards the lungs and the settlement in the lung area is called embolism, which is one of the most terrible states of blood clots.
In fact, people who have a sedentary lifestyle or are mostly traveling are more likely to get the disease. Also, people who are overweight or have a history of heart disease or cancer are more likely to get it.
However, with better knowledge, we can try to prevent blood clots in the arteries, and if this happens, the damage to the blood vessel can be corrected as much as possible in the form of a gel-like mass.
We talked about blood clots and the causes of blood clots with Dr. Mahmoud Hadizadeh, Cardiologist, Angioplasty and Heart Failure Fellowship, American Heart Association and European Heart Failure Association, the details of which are as follows:
First, explain about blood clots and briefly describe the complications of these clots?
Organ veins are divided into superficial veins and deep veins. Deep vein thrombosis means the formation of a blood clot in the inner wall of a deep vein, which is more common in the veins of the legs..
In fact, a blood clot interferes with the passage of blood through the CIA to the heart, resulting in complete or partial blockage of blood vessels, which causes swelling and pain and other symptoms in the legs..
Symptoms and complications that occur following venous thrombosis depend on the location of the thrombus, its amount and size, the patient’s general condition, and…. These include persistent pain, heaviness in the legs, swelling, ulcers, clot migration to the lungs (pulmonary embolism), and..
What is pulmonary embolism and how does it cause blood clots?
A dangerous complication of this disease is the possibility of developing a pulmonary embolism, which is caused by a blood clot entering the blood vessels of the lungs.. In fact, one of the most important reasons for treating patients with deep vein thrombosis is to prevent pulmonary embolism, because in the early stages of blood vessel formation, the clot may be fragile and not well attached to the vessel wall..
Therefore, if the blood clot in the legs is not treated and controlled well and the clot enters the lungs, it can have very dangerous complications..
What are the causes of deep vein thrombosis and what are the most important risk factors for deep vein thrombosis?
Three factors play a major role in the development of thrombosis, which include stagnation of blood flow, damage to the venous wall, and increased coagulation. .Some factors cause one of the aforementioned causes of thrombosis, which are called risk factors..
The most important risk factors for deep vein thrombosis include:
Fractures after surgery, especially orthopedics, immobility, trauma to the veins, pregnancy, heart failure, tumors, the first month after pregnancy, taking birth control pills, stroke, prolonged sitting or traveling Prolonged, varicose veins, old age, obesity, increased red blood cell count (polycythemia),
Severe and debilitating diseases and genetic problems that cause thrombosis (blood clots).
How can blood clots be prevented if blood clots are found to be genetic?
In fact, special examinations are needed in patients with venous thrombosis, which should be done in a timely manner. Also, if studies show that genetic disorders have caused clot formation, it is recommended that patients’ family members be examined so that if they also have a genetic disorder, clot formation can be prevented..
Therefore, knowing the risk factors causes us to avoid them as much as possible to prevent venous thrombosis.