What dangers and harms can the use of salt have for our monthly habit!
A nutritionist considered the root of many non-communicable diseases in the country to be excessive salt consumption and said: Many people think that if they reduce their daily salt intake, they will suffer from iodine deficiency and suffer from thyroid disease. It is completely wrong. In fact, the most important food source of iodine is sea food such as saltwater fish, shrimp, oysters and seaweed, so a serious plan should be considered to remove salt shakers from the table.
In an interview with Shafqna, Dr. Ashraf Mardani mentioned one of the recommendations of the World Health Organization entitled “observing balance and diversity in the daily diet” and added: This means following the food pyramid and using the five main food groups including Bread and cereals, milk and dairy products, vegetables, fruits and meat and their substitutes, which should not be overdone in the consumption of any of the food groups, and in these guidelines, the key messages are to reduce the consumption of sugar, salt and fat to have a healthy diet. It has been possible to correct one of the main microfactors of the spread of non-communicable diseases in the country, which is salt, with the right food style.
The most important effect of salt consumption on health
He further pointed out the most important effect of salt consumption on human health and said: Studies have shown that high consumption of salt in the daily diet makes humans susceptible to a large number of diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke, accumulation of fluid in the the body and as a result heart diseases, body swelling, joint pain, shortness of breath, headache, pain and feeling of pressure in the inner part of the skull, dizziness and imbalance in the morning especially when waking up and migraine are other consequences of overdose. is salt
Increased menstrual pain due to high salt consumption
He went on to emphasize that fluid accumulation caused by salt consumption aggravates pain, physical problems and mood changes in the days before the onset of menstruation in women and stated: In general, excessive salt consumption takes calcium from the bones. and causes it to be excreted in the urine. For this reason, it causes thinning of the bones and makes a person susceptible to osteoporosis. In addition, excessive salt consumption causes stomach cancer, exacerbation of asthma, poor sleep or insomnia, and as a result, the deterioration of the mental understanding of the elderly.
Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure within 3 weeks
According to this nutritionist, taking into account that Iranian society suffers from high blood pressure and salt is the root of many cardiovascular diseases and strokes, reducing its consumption will lower blood pressure. When the consumption of salt is reduced, the blood pressure also decreases in an average period of three weeks, and the incidence of esophageal and stomach cancers, which are common in our society, is also very low.
The appropriate amount of salt consumption at the table
Dr. Mardani said about the appropriate amount of salt consumption at the dinner table: the amount of salt consumption for healthy and adult people is about one teaspoon (less than 5 grams). Of course, it should be noted that some of the salt consumed by people is supplied through daily bread, ready-made and frozen foods, foods such as fast foods, as well as fruits, vegetables and dairy products, so the minimum amount should be considered in its consumption for people who have high blood pressure. , have kidney disease and diabetes, or are over 50 years old, half a teaspoon of salt per day is recommended.
Infants do not need salt
According to Dr. Mardani, children under 11 years of age should use less salt than adults. Children under one year of age need less than one gram of salt per day, because during this period, the kidneys are sensitive and cannot tolerate more salt. They are fed with breast milk, there is no need to consume salt because they get the salt they need through breast milk, of course. Taking care of children about the issue of eating low-salt food will make their taste buds get used to low-salt foods.
Salt does not provide the iodine needed by the body
Emphasizing that the consumption of salt in meals provides the iodine needed by the body is a common misconception in society, he said: Many people think that if they reduce their daily salt intake, they will suffer from iodine deficiency. thyroid disease, this notion is completely wrong, in fact, the most important food source of iodine is sea food, such as saltwater fish, shrimp, oysters, and seaweed. Therefore, by eating these substances, you can supply the iodine needed by the body. The salt used in ready-made and frozen foods often does not have iodine at all or has a very small amount of iodine, so reducing the consumption of these types of foods has very little effect on the body.
Salt consumption in Iran is three times the world standard
This nutrition expert in Iran is the largest consumer of salt among the countries of the world. He said: salt is one of the substances needed for the metabolism of food in the body, the transmission of nerve messages and the proper functioning of muscles, but its consumption has a narrow border between health and disease. Unfortunately, the daily average Its consumption in our country is three times the world standard, in fact, based on the standards of the World Health Organization, the lower limit for salt consumption is 2 grams and the upper limit is 5 grams per day. At the same time, the amount of salt consumption in Iran is about 10 to 15 grams per day, which is much more than the standard limit of salt consumption (5 grams).
Dr. Mardadni reminded: In Iran, salt consumption is subject to wrong nutritional patterns and wrong lifestyle. Unfortunately, since childhood, Iranians’ taste is accustomed to saltiness and sourness, so they also use salt in fruits such as cucumbers and citrus fruits, so removing Namekdan needs a strong culture of food trips in this field.
We need a strong culture to have a correct food pattern
In the end, he called increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits one of the best programs for having a healthy diet and emphasized by the World Health Organization and said: In the current food basket of Iranians, compared to the standard food basket, the consumption of fruits and vegetables is low, while According to the mentioned recommendations, people should consume at least 400 grams or five units of vegetables and fruits per day because these substances provide micronutrients and contain antioxidant compounds and fiber, so removing the amount of salt consumed from the table and having a dietary pattern Salem needs a strong culture in the society, which I hope the authorities will pay attention to.
August 15, 1394 14:36
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