The genetic nature of thyroid disease was confirmed
In Iran, one child out of every one or two thousand births is affected by thyroid. There is no definitive treatment for thyroid and the patient must take pills forever.
A pediatric endocrinology specialist said: Failure to diagnose congenital hypothyroidism in the first two years of life causes mental retardation and lower IQ in children.
According to the medical journal Dr. Salam, Dr. Mohammad Hassan Modab, stating that hypothyroidism in children is divided into two categories, congenital and acquired, said: Congenital disease does not mean that the mother necessarily has thyroid disease, but it means that The child has been sick since birth.
He added: the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism is more important, and if it is not diagnosed in the first two years of life when the brain develops, mental retardation and a decrease in IQ will occur in children.
This pediatric endocrinologist continued: If the thyroid is not diagnosed in a 10-year-old child, his growth will be impaired, but he will not have mental problems.
Thyroid disease is not hereditary; It is genetic
Referring to the fact that thyroid disease is not hereditary, but genetic, Modeb clarified: in the first week of a child’s birth, a thyroid test is taken, and if hypothyroidism is diagnosed, the child’s treatment with pills continues immediately until the age of three, and after the age of three With retesting if necessary, the pill will continue forever.
This pediatric endocrinology specialist added: Hairy, puffy, rough face, big tongue sticking out of the mouth, and fatigue are among the thyroid factors in children whose disease was not diagnosed until three months of age and who suffered brain damage.
Referring to the symptoms of hypothyroidism in older children and adults, Modeb noted: lack of energy, swelling, intolerance to cold, constipation and fatigue are symptoms of hypothyroidism in older children.
He added: Hyperthyroidism is almost acquired and is seen in older children and adults, and its symptoms include weight loss, high appetite, tremors, bulging eyes, sweating, and heart palpitations are the most common symptoms of this disease.
This pediatric endocrinologist said that one person out of every four thousand births in the world suffers from hypothyroidism