What are the most important sex problems during sexual intercourse? Why does this condition occur in our genitals? We have explained the most common and most common sexually transmitted diseases to you in this article to add to your sexual information.
Although condoms are very effective in preventing the spread of some sexually transmitted diseases, they are not effective against all. Condoms are effective in preventing the transmission of gonorrhea, chlamydia, AIDS and trichomonas, but do not protect against herpes, syphilis and genital warts.
Introduction of STDs
Genital warts (human papillomavirus HPV)
According to Salamat News, quoting the Simorgh site, you do not need to have sex to get sexually transmitted diseases. Skin-to-skin contact is sufficient for the spread of genital warts. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a family of viruses that cause genital warts. Some types of the virus cause warts and are safe, but others may cause cervical or anal cancer. There are vaccines to protect against some of the most dangerous types.
Symptoms: Pink or skin-colored warts that are prominent, flat, or cauliflower-shaped, but often have no symptoms.
Genital lice (Crabs)
You’ve probably heard the name lice a lot about hair. Occasionally there are tiny parasitic organisms in the pubic hair that look very different from head or body lice. These creatures are transmitted from person to person during close contact. Genital lice are eliminated with over-the-counter lotions.
Symptoms: Severe itching, small eggs attached to pubic hair, moving lice.
Scabies is an itchy infection caused by a small mite that pierces human skin and goes under the skin and lays eggs. Scabies is not always a sexually transmitted disease because it can spread through any skin-to-skin contact, but in younger people, mites are often transmitted during sex. Scabies is treated with prescription creams.
Symptoms: Severe itching, especially at night, and pimple-like skin lesions. Symptoms may take 2 to 6 weeks to appear.
Gonorrhea spreads easily and, if left untreated, can lead to infertility in both men and women. Antibiotics can cure the infection.
Symptoms: Common symptoms of gonorrhea Burning during urination and discharge. But it often has no symptoms in the early stages. Over time, the infection causes skin lesions or spreads to the blood and joints.
In men: discharge from the penis, swelling of the testicles
In women: vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, spotting.
Symptoms may be mild and can be easily confused with a vaginal or urinary tract infection.
Most people do not notice the early signs of syphilis. If left untreated, the disease can lead to paralysis, blindness and death. Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics.
Symptoms: The first sign is usually a painless, round, hard sore on the genitals or anus. The disease is spread through direct contact with the wound. Later, pimples may appear on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, or other parts of the body, swollen glands, fever, hair loss, or fatigue. In the later stages, symptoms include damage to organs such as the heart, brain, liver, nerves and eyes.
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease that can lead to infertility if left untreated. The disease is completely cured with antibiotic treatment, but often the person does not notice the disease because the symptoms are either absent or vague. Chlamydia can cause an infection of the rectum or throat.
Symptoms in men: burning and itching at the tip of the penis, discharge, pain when urinating.
Symptoms in women: Vaginal itching, discharge that may be odorous, pain during sex, pain during urination.
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)
Some people sometimes get cold sores on their lips. Herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). The virus does not usually cause a sexually transmitted disease. The virus is easily transmitted through family members or through kissing. The virus can be transmitted through the oral or genital contact of an infected person to the genital area of another person. Although there is no definitive cure for it, medications can shorten or prevent it.
Symptoms: Herpes may occasionally occur on the lips. Small blisters or sores on the genitals may also occur.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
Most cases of genital herpes are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). The virus is highly contagious and is transmitted through sexual contact or direct contact with herpes zoster. In this case, as in type 1, there is no definitive treatment, but antiviral drugs reduce its incidence and help to relieve symptoms faster.
Symptoms: Watery blisters that cause painful, scaly sores on the genitals, thighs, or buttocks. These blisters can spread to the lips through oral contact.
Hepatitis B is a latent virus that causes severe damage to the liver. The virus is spread through contact with the blood and other fluids of an infected person. Healthy people can be infected through sexual intercourse, the use of shared needles and at birth, as well as razors and shaving machines and toothbrushes. There is no cure for the disease but medications can keep the virus under control. There is an effective vaccine to prevent hepatitis B that protects against the disease.
Symptoms: In an acute infection, a person may experience nausea, heartburn, dark urine, fatigue, and yellowing of the skin or eyes. Chronic infection may lead to cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer. Many people are asymptomatic for years.
The AIDS virus weakens the body’s defenses against infections. The disease is spread through unprotected sex, co-needles or births from an AIDS mother. The disease goes unnoticed for years, so a blood test is the best way to find out. Timely treatment is very important to help prevent serious illness.
Early signs of AIDS: Many people have no symptoms, but some develop temporary flu-like symptoms for one to two months after infection: swollen glands, fever, headache, and nausea. Mouth sores can also occur.
Safe HIV testing in the clinic or at home is done through tests approved by the Food and Drug Administration. In anonymous tests, only a number is used to identify you. One of the limitations of these tests is the window period. The window period is the time interval between the entry of the pathogen into the body until it can be diagnosed. In AIDS, this period is six months after receiving the virus. In this period, antibody tests can not detect the presence of the virus in the body, but the disease during this period. It is contagious.
AIDS treatment options
There is no definitive cure for AIDS, but there are drugs that can reduce the virus’ ability to multiply in the body. A combination of antiviral drugs is prescribed in the hope of preventing the progression of the disease. Other treatments can help prevent or fight serious infections if the immune system is weak.
Trichomonas is a parasitic disease that is spread through sexual contact and is treated with medication.
Symptoms in men: In most men there are no obvious symptoms. Some people experience a slight discharge or burning sensation while urinating.
Symptoms in women: Women may experience a greenish-yellow discharge with a strong odor, itchy vagina, or pain during sex or urination. Symptoms usually begin 5 to 28 days after the parasite enters.
Chancroid is a bacterial sexually transmitted disease that is prevalent in Africa and Asia but is rare in the United States. The disease causes genital sores that can transmit the bacterium from person to person. Antibiotics treat this infection.
Symptoms in men: Painful pimples on the penis that may turn into purulent open sores, pain in the genitals and groin.
Symptoms in women: Painful pimples in the genital area that can turn into open sores, swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin.
Lymphogranuloma venrum (LGV)
Lymphogranuloma is caused by a type of chlamydia that is rare in the United States but is more common in men who have sex with a man. This disease, like other types of chlamydia, is treated with antibiotics.
Symptoms: open sores on the genitals or anus, headache, fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes in the groin. If the disease is sexually transmitted, it may cause bleeding or anal discharge.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
It is not a sexually transmitted disease itself, but is the result of subsequent complications of untreated sexually transmitted diseases, especially gonorrhea and chlamydia. The disease occurs when the bacterium spreads to a woman’s uterus and other reproductive organs. Immediate treatment is needed to prevent fertility damage.
Symptoms: lower abdominal pain, fever, unusual discharge, pain during sex, painful urination and spotting. Unfortunately, there are often none of these warning signs.
Who is at risk for sexually transmitted diseases?
Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for a sexually transmitted disease, no matter what their gender, race, social class or sexual orientation. Adolescents and young people are more likely to get these diseases than older people. By age 25, half of all sexually active adults develop a sexually transmitted disease. Having multiple sexual partners increases the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says some of these diseases, such as syphilis, are more common in men who have sex with another man.
Can people who have not had sex before get sexually transmitted diseases?
Yes. Many of these diseases can be spread through any type of sexual activity, including skin or oral contact. This is especially true for sexually transmitted diseases that cause genital lesions or ulcers. On the other hand, some of these diseases can be spread in other (non-sexual) ways.
Prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
The best way to prevent these diseases is to avoid any unprotected sex and have long-term monogamous and marital sex. To reduce the risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease, do the following:
Ask your partner if he or she has a sexually transmitted disease
Before having sex, ask your partner if he or she has ever had a test
Use a condom
If your spouse has any of the symptoms of a sexually transmitted disease, do not have sex with him or her
Be aware of the symptoms of these diseases and see a doctor for regular examinations and checkups
Although condoms are very effective in preventing the spread of some sexually transmitted diseases, they are not effective against all. Condoms are effective in preventing the transmission of gonorrhea, chlamydia, AIDS and trichomonas, but do not protect against herpes, syphilis and genital warts. These infections can be spread through skin contact with infectious skin lesions that are not covered by condoms. Also, condoms do not provide any protection against genital lice and scabies.
How to tell your spouse
If you think you have a sexually transmitted disease, let your partner know as soon as possible. Even if you have been treated before or use a condom, you can still pass the infection on to her. In some sexually transmitted diseases, the doctor recommends that both couples be treated at the same time. It may be difficult to raise this issue, some use writing instead of saying. In any case, you should allow your spouse to ask questions and express his or her feelings about the issue.
Sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy
Pregnant women should be screened for sexually transmitted diseases. These diseases can cause premature labor and complications during labor. Many of these diseases can be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth or after the baby is born. The effects of sexually transmitted diseases on the baby can include low birth weight, stillbirth, neurological problems, blindness, liver disease and serious infections. There are treatments to minimize these risks. Treatment during pregnancy can cure some sexually transmitted diseases and reduce the risk of spreading the infection to the baby.
Is it possible for a cured sexually transmitted disease to come back?
Most sexually transmitted disease treatments do not protect you from re-infection. A course of medication can cure gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, or trichomonas, but a new infection can occur if you come back to the pathogen. If your spouse is not treated, you may get the infection again and pass it on to each other. If you do not take the necessary precautions, you may soon get the disease again or even get another type of these diseases.