What do you know about uterine polyps? Do you know how these polyps occur and what diseases they cause in the body? Do you know the complications and risks of these uterine tumors? How can they be treated with home and herbal remedies? Is it possible to fight them only with surgery? If all these questions have filled your mind this article is from the section diseasesRead Dr. Salam. In this article, we have examined the symptoms, causes, ways of diagnosis and treatment of uterine polyps. Stay with us.
What is a uterine polyp?
Uterine polyps are tumors that attach to the inner wall of the uterus and reach the uterine cavity. Rupture of cells in the inner wall of the uterus (endometrium) leads to the formation of uterine polyps, also known as endometrial polyps. These polyps are usually noncancerous (benign), although some may be cancerous or eventually turn into cancer (precancerous polyps).
Uterine polyps can grow in sizes from a few millimeters (about the size of a sesame seed) to a few centimeters (pellets) or even larger. They are attached to the wall of the uterus by a thick body or a thin stem.
You can have one or more uterine polyps. They are usually placed inside the uterus, but sometimes fall into the vagina through the opening of the uterus. Uterine polyps are more common in menopausal women, although younger women are also more likely to get them.
Symptoms of uterine polyps
Signs and symptoms of uterine polyps include:
- Irregular menstrual bleeding – for example, having frequent and unpredictable variable and long periods
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Excessive menstrual periods
- Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding
Some women bleed; But some are asymptomatic.
When should I see a doctor?
In the event that:
- Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Irregular menstrual bleeding
If you have, see a doctor.
Causes of uterine polyps
Hormonal factors seem to play an important role in this issue. Uterine polyps are sensitive to estrogen, meaning that they grow in response to estrogen circulation.
Risk factors for uterine polyps include:
- The onset of menopause or menopause
- Having high blood pressure
- Tamoxifen (a drug used to treat breast cancer)
Side effects of uterine polyps
Uterine polyps can cause infertility. If you have uterine polyps and are unable to conceive, removing the polyp may help you in pregnancy.
If your doctor suspects a uterine polyp, he or she may do one of the following:
The doctor inserts a thin device into your vagina. This device emits sound waves and creates an image of the uterus and inside it. Your doctor may see a polyp that is clearly visible or identify a uterine polyp as an area of thick endometrial tissue.
Another related procedure is hysterosonography, which involves injecting saline into the uterus through a small tube that enters the uterus through the vagina and cervix. Saline opens your uterine cavity and allows your doctor to have a clearer picture of the inside of the uterus during the ultrasound.
The doctor inserts a thin, flexible, light telescope (hysteroscope) into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. Hysteroscopy allows your doctor to examine the inside of your uterus.
Your doctor may send a suction catheter to collect a sample for laboratory testing in utero. Uterine polyps may be confirmed by endometrial biopsy, but it is also possible that the biopsy did not detect the polyp.
Most uterine polyps are noncancerous (benign). However, some precancerous changes in the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia) or uterine cancer (endometrial cancer) appear in the form of uterine polyps. Your doctor will probably recommend that you remove the polyp and send a sample of tissue to the lab for analysis to make sure you do not have uterine cancer.
Treatment of uterine polyps
For uterine polyps, your doctor may recommend:
- wait. Asymptomatic small polyps may go away on their own. Treatment for small polyps is unnecessary unless you are at risk for uterine cancer.
- medicine. Some hormonal medications, including progestins and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, may reduce the symptoms of polyps. But taking these drugs is usually a short-term solution. Symptoms usually return when you stop taking the medicine.
- Removal by surgery. During hysteroscopy, instruments inserted through the hysteroscope (the device your doctor uses to look inside the uterus) allow the polyp to be removed. The removed polyp will most likely be sent to a lab for microscopic examination.
Uterine polyps usually grow slowly or do not grow at all. In many cases, especially after menopause, they decrease on their own. You may not need treatment unless you have symptoms that relieve you. Your doctor will recommend the best treatment plan. You may need combination therapy.
Home care, diet changes and natural remedies can help treat uterine polyps and reduce symptoms. The following lifestyle changes are also important in preventing uterine polyps.
These natural remedies can or may help reduce the symptoms, as the effectiveness depends on your severe symptoms and how your uterine polyp has progressed. You should talk to your doctor before making any of these options.
A clinical study in China found that obesity and overweight increase the risk of uterine polyps. This is because fat cells produce a lot of estrogen. Losing weight may help prevent or reduce the size of the uterine polyp.
Daily diet is an important factor in the treatment of uterine polyps. Proper nutrition can help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce your risk. Some foods can also reduce symptoms.
Foods you should not eat
According to clinical studies, eating too much red meat increases the risk of uterine polyps. Drinking alcohol also increases the risk.
Eating too much refined carbohydrates and sugary foods can make your illness worse. These foods raise blood sugar levels. This causes your body to overproduce the hormone insulin. Avoid simple refined carbohydrates such as:
- White rice, pasta and flour
- Soda and other sweet drinks
- Canned corn
- Baked products (cakes, cookies, donuts)
- potato chips
Foods you can eat
Fiber-rich foods help:
- Decrease your appetite
- Hormones balance
- Prevents overweight
Fruits and vegetables also reduce inflammation and reduce the risk of fibroids. Add these foods to your daily diet:
Raw and cooked vegetables and fruits
- Dried fruits
- Whole grains
- Brown rice
- Lentils and beans
- Wholemeal bread and pasta
- Couscous seeds
- Fresh and dried plants
- Vitamins and supplements
Milk and dairy may help reduce uterine polyps. Dairy products contain a lot of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. These nutrients may prevent fibroids from growing.
Some types of vitamins may also help reduce the growth and size of uterine polyps. Research confirms that if the intake of vitamin D and vitamin A from animal sources such as dairy is reduced, the risk of uterine polyps may increase.
Uterine polyps may make menstrual cramps, bloating, and abdominal cramps worse. A number of vitamins may help reduce these symptoms:
- Vitamin B-1
- Vitamin B-6
- Vitamin E
- Omega 3 fatty acids
You can find these vitamins in food and supplements. If you want to add supplements to your diet, talk to your doctor before you start.
The Dutch study showed that there may be an association between high blood pressure and fibroids. Manage your blood pressure to help reduce risk and improve overall health. For this purpose, be sure to do the following:
- Limit salt and sodium in your diet.
- Check your blood pressure regularly and keep your doctor informed of changes.
- Exercise regularly.
Herbal treatment of uterine polyps
Herbal remedies may help treat uterine polyps or reduce the symptoms. Further research is needed to determine if these drugs work or what dosage is needed.
The bioflavonoids in green tea, called EGCG, may help reduce the size and number of uterine polyps. This is due to the ability of green tea to reduce inflammation and remove toxins from the body.
The five-fingered plant is used for heavy menstrual bleeding, painful periods and other symptoms. This herbal remedy helps to balance hormone levels. As a result, they are also useful in the treatment of uterine polyps.
Home care may help control stress, which can worsen uterine polyps and your overall health. Try these treatment options that can reduce stress:
- Hot bath
- Yoga and exercise
- Massage therapy
If the uterine polyp contains cancer cells, your doctor will talk to you about the next steps in treatment. It is rarely possible for a uterine polyp to recur. But if it recurs, it may need more treatment.
Do you know the herbal and home remedies for treating uterine polyps? Have you experienced uterine polyps? If you like, you can share your experiences with our users. You can also ask your questions in the comments and comments section, from our experts to be answered as soon as possible.