What are the complications of diabetes?

Complications of diabetes are divided into two main groups: short-term complications and long-term complications.
Short-term side effects:
1- Decreased blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
If your blood sugar drops too much, you will experience hypoglycemia, some of its symptoms are:
turning pale
increase of heart rate
blurred vision
Impaired concentration
tendency to cry
Tingling sensation around the mouth
to be stubborn
to be rude

If you think you have hypoglycemia, immediately eat a fast-acting sugary substance such as a sweet drink or some sugar, and when your blood sugar returns to normal, eat a longer-acting sugary substance such as a sandwich, fruit or food. If you don’t fix your hypoglycemia, you will end up fainting and need emergency services.
2- Increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
If your blood sugar increases too much, you will have hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a potentially dangerous condition, some of its symptoms include:
Excessive drinking and urination
lack of energy
stomach ache
Long-term effects:
Poor blood sugar control over time can increase the risk of developing microvascular disease (diseases of the body’s small vessels, including capillaries) and macrovascular disease (diseases of the body’s large vessels).
There is a common belief among the general public, and especially among type 2 sufferers, that type 2 diabetes causes fewer complications than type 1 diabetes and is therefore the better type of diabetes (less worrisome, less dangerous, etc.).
In fact, type 1 diabetics are more susceptible to diabetes complications than type 2 diabetics. This is especially true for microvascular complications or small blood vessels such as kidney disease and retinopathy.
However, more type 2 diabetics develop dangerous complications from diabetes than type 1 diabetics, and many type 2 diabetics have more risk factors than type 1 diabetics that are more likely to develop macro-complications. Vascular or large blood vessels such as heart disease adds to them. Most people with type 2 diabetes have increased free insulin due to their inability to use it and the abnormal state of blood lipids, and the combination of these two factors increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. In fact, people with type 2 diabetes are two to four times more likely to die from heart disease than non-diabetic people and 22% more than type 1 people. Certainly, the most serious complication of any disease is death. Therefore, it can be said that type 2 diabetes is more frightening and worrying than type 1 diabetes.
The factors that cause complications in type 1 and type 2 diabetes are known in many ways to all people with diabetes. Without proper control of diabetes, the risk of complications increases in both types. No type of diabetes
It is not harmless. Diabetes of any kind is a serious medical problem.
In addition to blood vessel involvement in different parts of the body, diabetes also has other complications, which are beyond the scope of this book.
Important Notes:
Diabetes is a disease that interferes with blood sugar metabolism and leads to hyperglycemia
will be
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body’s inability to produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a relative lack of insulin production, or a decrease in the body’s ability to use insulin, or both.
Chronic hyperglycemia causes damage to very small blood vessels in nerves, kidneys and eyes. This problem occurs in any type of diabetes 1 and 2.
Most people with type 2 diabetes have an increase in free insulin in the blood circulation and an abnormal condition
They are blood fats and the combination of these two factors increases the risk of heart disease and stroke
The risk of diabetes complications increases with the duration of diabetes and higher blood sugar levels.
The cause of diabetes is a combination of genetic and environmental factors that are still not completely clear.

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March 2, 1394 12:54

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