Stomach polyps are masses of cells that develop on the inner lining of the stomach. This type of polyp is rare and usually has no symptoms and is often diagnosed when you see a doctor for another reason. Most stomach polyps do not become cancerous, but certain types increase the risk of stomach cancer. According to Myoclinic, depending on the type of stomach polyp, treatment includes removing the polyp or controlling it to prevent any changes.
Symptoms of gastric polyps
Stomach polyp usually has no symptoms, but as the stomach polyp enlarges, open sores are formed on its surface and rarely the polyp blocks the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. Signs and symptoms include:
Pain and tenderness when pressing the abdomen
Seeing blood in the stool
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When should we see a doctor?
See your doctor if you have persistent blood in your stool or other signs or symptoms of stomach polyps.
Causes of stomach polyps
Stomach polyps are formed in response to damage to the internal mucosa. The most common causes of stomach polyps:
Chronic inflammation of the stomach. This disease, which is also known as gastritis, causes plastic polyps and adenoma. Plastic polyps are unlikely to become cancerous, although those larger than 2.5 inches (1 cm) are at greater risk. Adenoma is less common, but cancerous.
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Familial adenomatous polyposis. This rare and hereditary syndrome causes certain cells in the inner lining of the stomach to form a special type of polyp called fundic gland polyps. Basal gland polyps are removed when associated with this syndrome because they may become cancerous, familial adenomatous polyposis also causes adenomas.
Regular use of some stomach medicines. Basal gland polyps are common among people who regularly use proton pump inhibitors to reduce stomach acid. Of course, keep in mind that these polyps are generally small and nothing to worry about. Fundic gland polyps larger than about 2.5 inches (1 cm) in diameter have a low risk of cancer, so your doctor may recommend stopping proton pump inhibitors or removing the polyp, or both.
Factors that increase the risk of stomach polyps include:
Age. Gastric polyps are more common among people in middle to late adulthood.
Bacterial stomach infection. Helicobacter pylori bacteria is one of the main causes of gastritis, which contributes to the occurrence of plastic polyps and adenomas.
Familial adenomatous polyposis. This rare, inherited syndrome increases the risk of colon cancer and other diseases, including stomach polyps.
Special drugs. Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors, which are drugs used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease, has been linked to basal gland polyps.
Translator: Goddess Zarei
April 20, 1400 22:00
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