In a bladder infection, bacteria invade the bladder and overgrow. Sometimes bacteria get stuck in the kidneys or the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder, known as urinary tract infections or UTIs. According to Healthline, this condition is more common among women than men. Many uterine infections are easily cured with antibiotics.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection
Bladder infection symptoms appear suddenly and include the following:
Painful urination and burning sensation
Need to urinate frequently
Sudden urges to empty the bladder, the so-called urinary urgency
Pain in the lower abdomen just above the pubic bone
Seeing blood in the urine
Symptoms of urinary tract infections that involve the kidneys include the following in addition to the previous ones:
Pain in the flanks or back that does not change with position
nausea and vomiting
Certain symptoms, in addition to urinary tract infection symptoms, which mean prostate infection, include:
Pain in the pelvis or the area between the rectum and the scrotum
Read more: get rid of impotence with testicle prosthesis
Causes of urinary tract infection
Most urinary tract infections are caused by Escherichia coli bacteria, which are naturally present in the body. This bacteria enters the urinary tract through the urethra. The urethra is the tube that drains urine from the penis to the bladder. Urinary tract infections are more common in women than men because their urethra is shorter and bacteria have to travel less distance to reach the bladder. A man is unlikely to get a UTI through sex with a woman because the infection is usually caused by bacteria in the male urinary tract.
UTIs are more common in older men because older men are more likely to have an enlarged prostate gland called benign prostatic hyperplasia. The prostate wraps around the neck of the bladder, where the urethra connects to the bladder. Enlargement of the prostate gland makes it difficult for the free flow of urine by strangulating the bladder neck. If the bladder is not completely emptied, bacteria that are normally passed out with urine may take over. Other factors that put you at greater risk for urinary tract infections include the following:
Being immobile for a long time
Not drinking enough fluids
Urinary tract surgery recently
not being circumcised
Engaging in anal intercourse exposes the urethra to more bacteria
Diagnosis of urinary tract infection
To diagnose a urinary tract infection, the doctor will examine you and ask questions about your symptoms, including your previous history of infection. It is likely that he will prescribe you a urine test for further investigations. If the doctor suspects an enlarged prostate gland, he performs a digital rectal examination. Digital rectal examination is one of the screening tests for men, but it is an important part of early detection and diagnosis of prostate diseases such as prostate cancer and enlarged prostate. Digital rectal exam results provide a lot of information in a short amount of time. During the examination, the doctor inserts a finger with an oily finger into the rectum. This work allows him to identify anything indirect, including the shape, size or texture, while examining the prostate.
Urinary tract infection treatment
If you have a urinary tract infection, you should use antibiotics. Depending on the type of antibiotic your doctor prescribes, you take the tablets once or twice a day for 5 to 7 days or more. Drinking enough fluids is also an important option. If urinating is bothersome, you may be tempted to reduce your fluid intake, but be careful that urinating flushes bacteria from your system, so stay hydrated and urinate while taking antibiotics.
Many people drink cranberry juice during a UTI to get rid of it. Experiments on mice showed that several substances in cranberry juice reduced the number of bacteria in the bladder. However, there is no strong evidence that drinking this fruit juice during a UTI will make it go away or heal quickly.
Read more: Enhance libido with 4 simple methods without the need for drugs
Recovery from urinary tract infection
You should feel better within 2-3 days after starting antibiotics. If the symptoms do not go away after taking antibiotics, be sure to see a doctor. You must finish the course of treatment with prescribed antibiotics even if you feel better. Early discontinuation of antibiotics encourages the growth of bacteria resistant to common antibiotics.
Prevent urinary tract infection
To prevent urinary tract infection, the most important thing is to reduce the possibility of bacteria attacking the urinary tract. Steps you can take include:
Do not hold your urine.
Drink enough fluids.
Wipe the genital area from front to back.
Keep the genital area clean and dry.
Urinary tract infections are less common in men than in women, but they have similar causes and methods. Antibiotics usually clear up the infection within 5 to 7 days. Men who have a long-term urinary tract infection or a urinary tract infection that recurs regularly should be evaluated by a doctor for conditions such as an infection in the prostate gland (prostatitis).
Translator: Goddess Zarei
21 April 1400 13:00
share (How can you send this article to others)