Arrhythmia is a disorder of the heartbeat (pulse) or heart rhythm, including rapid heartbeat (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregular. Typically, the heart itself acts as a pump. Which carries blood to other parts of the body. The heart has an electrical system that must work properly.
Arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm. This may be just a temporary pause and be so short that it does not affect the overall heart rate, or it may cause the heart to beat too fast or too slow. Some arrhythmias do not cause any symptoms. Other arrhythmias may cause symptoms such as lightheadedness or dizziness.
There are two main types of arrhythmia: Bradycardia occurs when the heart rate is very slow (less than 60 beats per minute). Tachycardia also occurs when the heart rate is very fast (more than 100 beats per minute).
What are the symptoms of an arrhythmia?
If the arrhythmia is short, it usually has no symptoms. It may just be in the form of missing a heartbeat that you rarely notice.
There may be a sensation of tremor (vibration) in the chest or neck.
When the arrhythmias are severe or last long enough to affect heart function, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body. This can lead to feelings of tiredness or lightheadedness or lethargy. It can also lead to death.
Tachycardia can lead to decreased ability to pump the heart, resulting in shortness of breath, chest pain, lightheadedness, or decreased level of consciousness. This condition can lead to a heart attack or death if severe.
How are arrhythmias treated?
Ways to treat arrhythmias include:
Anticoagulants to reduce the risk of blood clots and stroke.
Arrhythmia prevention and control drugs and treatment of related conditions such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and heart failure.
Destruction of heart tissue.
What does defibrillation mean?
Defibrillation is a way to convert an abnormal heartbeat to a normal heartbeat through a small electric shock.
An implantable heart defibrillator (ICD) may be implanted under the skin of the upper chest to create shocks and act as a pacemaker. When the heartbeat becomes abnormal, it detects it. It works 24 hours a day.
What does it mean to destroy heart tissue?
روش This method is a way to correct the arrhythmia and return the heart to normal rhythm.
This procedure is done by inserting a thin tube (a catheter) into your vein and directing it to the heart muscle.
The tip of the catheter releases a large amount of energy and destroys very small areas of heart tissue that cause abnormal electrical signals.
How can I learn more?
Consult your doctor, nurse or health consultant. If you have heart disease or a history of stroke, your family members may be at risk. Making changes in their lifestyle is important to reduce the risk.
You can use scientific booklets and brochures to choose a healthier life and reduce the risk, control the disease and take care of your loved ones. Knowledge is the ability so learn more and live longer.
Do you have a question or explanation from your doctor?
Take a few minutes to write down your questions at your next appointment with your doctor. for example:
Can my arrhythmia be treated?
Do I have to take medicine?