Health

What is acute myeloid leukemia in adults?

Acute myeloid leukemia is the most common form of myeloid leukemia in adults. In contrast, acute myeloid leukemia is an uncommon form of leukemia in children. The mean age at diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia is 65 years. Carcinogens in the etiology of acute myeloid leukemia include gasoline, cigarette smoke, and ionizing radiation. The most important risk factor for acute myeloid leukemia is age.

Risk factors for acute leukemia »Family history of leukemia» Excessive exposure to X-rays (radiation) »Congenital disorders, especially Down syndrome» Quite similar twins »Contact with benzene and other toxic industrial chemicals» Use of cytotoxic drugs »Immune suppression From disease or drugs »Smoking
Acute myeloid leukemia is not preventable. If you have a family history of leukemia, consider genetic counseling before starting a family. Treatment relieves the disease in 90% of patients and cures the disease in 30% of patients with some types of leukemia, especially children. Bleeding death due to a disorder of the body’s defense system against infections Side effects Chemotherapy

Diagnosis and treatment of acute myeloid leukemia: »Diagnostic tests may include blood tests, bone marrow and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), chest x-ray, CT scan, ultrasound, and spinal fluid biopsy. »Treatment for acute myeloid leukemia includes: Blood and platelet transfusions, anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells, followed by radiation therapy» Treatment for acute myeloid leukemia refers to when there is no evidence of cancer cells in the blood and bone marrow. Be. In the event of a recurrence of leukemia after initial remission, a bone graft may be considered for patients. These patients should avoid sick people and crowds in order to avoid contact with dangerous infections. Oral care is important. Rinsing the mouth with a warm saline solution reduces the incidence of mouth ulcers. To make salt water, dissolve a tablespoon of salt in 250 cc of water (equivalent to a soda bottle). Use a soft toothbrush to prevent scratching the gums.

Drugs for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia: »Blood transfusions» Anticancer drugs »Corticosteroids» Painkillers »Antibiotics to fight infections» Uric acid-enhancing drugs to prevent the accumulation of uric acid, which is one of the possible side effects of anticancer drugs. Do not take aspirin or any aspirin-containing combination. Aspirin may increase bleeding. »Activity» There is no limit to the time the disease goes away. In the active stages of the disease, bed rest is usually necessary. Diet for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia: Drink plenty of fluids: 8-10 glasses of fluids per day for adults and 4-6 glasses for children during chemotherapy ‌ Treatment Use energy-rich foods and fluids

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