What is anal fissure and what are the ways to treat it?

An anal fissure is the result of a superficial wound or tear in the area of ​​the cell lining of the anus. It is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue that covers the anus. Anal fissures are likely to occur when passing hard or large stools. Anal fissures usually cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. You may also experience spasm of the muscle ring at the end of the anus (external anal sphincter).

According to Myoclinic, anal fissures are very common in children, but they can affect anyone at any age. Most anal fissures improve with simple treatments such as increasing fiber intake or sitting in a warm tub or basin. Some people with anal fissures may need medication or sometimes surgery.

Symptoms of anal fissures

Symptoms and signs of anal fissures include pain, sometimes severe pain during bowel movements, pain after bowel movements that may last for several hours, bright red blood can be seen on the stool or toilet tissue after defecation. Visible in the skin around the anus and a small lump or fissure on the skin near the anus.

When should we go to the doctor for anal fissure treatment?

If you have pain during bowel movements or notice blood on the stool or toilet paper after stool, see a doctor immediately.

Read more: the cause of anal fissure and its treatment

Causes of anal fissures

Among the common causes of anal fissure are large or hard stools, constipation and pressure during bowel movements, chronic diarrhea, anal intercourse and childbirth. Less common causes of anal fissures include Crohn’s disease or inflammatory bowel disease, anal cancer, HIV, tuberculosis and syphilis.

Read more: program for people with Crohn’s disease

Risk factors for anal fissures

Factors that may increase the risk of anal fissures include:

Constipation: Straining during bowel movements and passing hard stools increases the risk of rupture.

giving birth: Anal fissures are more common in women after childbirth.

Crohn’s disease: Inflammatory bowel disease, which causes chronic inflammation of the bowel, which may make the lining of the anal canal more vulnerable to rupture.

Anal intercourse: This type of sex increases the risk of anal fissures.

Age: Anal fissures can occur at any age, but are more common in infants and middle-aged adults.

Read more: review of three correct methods to treat constipation

Complications of anal fissures

Complications of anal fissures can include the following:

No recoveryAnal fissures that do not heal within eight weeks are considered chronic and may require further treatment.

Recurrence: Once you experience anal fissures, you are prone to having them more often.

A tear that extends to surrounding muscles: An anal fissure may extend into the ring of muscle that keeps your anus closed (the internal anal sphincter), making it more difficult for your anal fissure to heal. An unhealed crack can create a cycle of discomfort that may require medication or surgery to reduce pain and repair or close the crack.

Prevent anal fissures

By taking a series of measures to prevent constipation or diarrhea, you may be able to prevent anal fissures, such as consuming high-fiber foods, drinking fluids, and exercising regularly, which make you have to have a bowel movement during bowel movements. Do not force.

Translator: Goddess Zarei

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