What is ovarian stimulation and what are the risks?

Research has shown that almost one in six couples has fertility problems. There are many reasons for this, so sometimes there are many treatments for it. One of the most common of these methods is ovarian stimulation. This stimulation is done in the context of IVF or artificial insemination.

When is ovarian stimulation recommended?
Treatment with ovarian stimulation is recommended for women who have ovulation problems:
No ovulation,
Ovulation abnormalities.
The action of stimulating the ovaries with the help of treatment causes a normal ovulation and multiplication of the number of follicles.

This thumb blow is enough for a couple who want a baby to get pregnant, but only if they are sure that the reason for their infertility so far has been the capricious ovaries.
Ovarian stimulation can be used as an adjunct before intrauterine insemination or IVF.

How is ovarian stimulation treated?
This treatment is a hormonal treatment, the details of which can vary.
In simple cases of ovarian stimulation, clomiphene citric acid salt is used in the first stage. This salt is an oral hormonal drug that is consumed for 5 to 7 days after the second day of menstruation. Clomiphene citric acid salts secrete the hormones responsible for the follicles.

If this treatment fails (after about 5 to 8 periods), another hormone drug based on gonadotropin is used, which is injected and acts directly on the ovaries. These injections can be given intramuscularly or subcutaneously.

In the case of IVF or intrauterine insemination, the treatment is the same, except in cases where the treatment stops the production of hormones, this will bring about overall control of the ovulation cycle. This treatment starts from the first day of menstruation. Gonadotropin injections are then given.

Finally, when the follicle is large enough, another hormone is injected to trigger ovulation over the next 37 to 40 hours. You can then apply for IVF or insemination.

Ovarian Stimulation: Needs Double Care…
In both cases there is a need for careful follow-up. It is based on hormonal dose (blood test) and ultrasound.
In addition, the effectiveness of hormonal therapy on the ovaries is evaluated, follicular maturation is evaluated, sexual intercourse is planned in the context of ovulation stimulation, and treatment can be adjusted to limit the possibility of multiple pregnancies.

What are the risks of ovarian stimulation?

Treatment with clomiphene citric acid salt has no side effects other than vision problems (binoculars).
But gonadotropin injections can cause these problems: a feeling of heaviness in the legs with heaviness in the lower abdomen.
Mood problems,
Slight weight gain,
Digestive problems,
Respiratory discomfort…

In rare cases, excessive ovarian stimulation syndrome is seen with swelling of the eggs and the risk of venous inflammation.
But the side effects of these treatments are more psychological. After a long wait, all hope depends on this treatment, and if it does not succeed, everything will be in shambles.

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