What is progeria or premature aging?
progeria What is? syndrome ” Hotchickson-GuilfordPremature aging is a rare genetic condition that causes a child’s body to age quickly. Most children with this syndrome do not live more than 13 years. This disorder affects both sexes and all races equally. Out of every 4 million children born, one suffers from this syndrome.
Only one genetic error causes a specific gene to make an abnormal protein. When the cells use this protein (called progerin), they easily stop working. Progerin makes children with ” progeria They are getting old quickly. This disease is not transmitted or inherited in the family.
1- signs of progeria or premature aging
Many babies with progeria They are born looking healthy at first. But during the first year of life, symptoms of the disease begin to appear in them. Affected children do not experience normal growth and weight gain. They have extensive physical characteristics including the following:
- big head
- big eyes
- small jaw
- A narrow nose with a so-called whale tip
- Visible veins
- Abnormal and slow teeth growth
- A high-pitched voice
- Loss of body fat and muscle
- Loss of body hair, even eyebrow hair and eyelashes
Children who suffer from this syndrome look older; You even see them in the states seen in a person 50 years old or older. These conditions include bone loss, hardening of the arteries, and heart problems. These children usually die from heart attacks or strokes. Affected children like all other children may suffer infection and this syndrome does not affect all their brains and intelligence.
2- Diagnosing progeria or premature aging
From the time you take your child to a specialist doctor for a routine examination children If you see significant symptoms in your child, he will consider him for this disease. The specialist doctor may perform physical tests, hearing and vision tests, pulse and blood pressure measurements, and compare your child’s height and weight with other children of the same age. After this stage, if the pediatrician is concerned, he will refer you to a genetic medicine specialist, who will diagnose the disease using a blood test.
3- Treatment of progeria or premature aging
There is currently no cure for this syndrome. Of course, researchers are working on finding a solution. A type of anti-cancer drug called Farnesyltransferase inhibitors“ It may be able to keep cell damage unchanged. Treatment usually eases or delays some symptoms of the syndrome.
4- Medicine for progeria or premature aging
A specialist doctor may prescribe cholesterol-lowering drugs or blood-clotting drugs for your child. A small daily dose of aspirin can help prevent a heart attack or stroke. Growth hormones can also build height and weight.
If your child has stiffness in his joints or thigh muscles, professional treatment and physical therapy can help your child move.
5- Surgery in children with Progeria or premature aging
Some children may undergo bypass surgery coronary arteries or angioplasty to prevent heart attacks.
6- Caring for children with progeria or premature aging
The body of children with progeria goes towards dehydration; As a result, they need to drink plenty of water. Especially when they are sick or the weather is hot, this need is more. Small portions and more food can help them eat enough. The soft cushion placed in their shoes can reduce their discomfort and encourage them to play and move.
7- Similar diseases Progeria or premature aging
syndrome” Wiederman – Roten Strach “and syndrome” WernerBoth of which are similar to progeria, they are transmitted through inheritance. Both of these rare syndromes can cause rapid aging and short life span in sufferers.
Translated by: Sima Azadfalah
Rewriting: Farzaneh Pashaei
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June 22, 1396 19:14
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