What is the difference between purulent sore throat and viral sore throat?

The most common factor that causes purulent sore throat and requires antibiotic treatment is bacteria from the streptococcus family.

Purulent sore throat is an infection of the throat and tonsils by streptococcal bacteria, which is known as streptococcal sore throat.

Streptococcal sore throat is transmitted through close contact with a sick person. However, to confirm that a person has strep throat, it is necessary to perform a throat culture test. But usually without this test, possible cases of strep throat can be recognized from the symptoms. Taking antibiotics can be useful for a person with strep throat.

Antibiotics are drugs that kill bacteria. These drugs are often used to prevent the occurrence of complications such as rheumatic fever and are used less often to shorten the course of the disease.

Untreated strep throat usually lasts a few days. Treatment with antibiotics usually makes the symptoms disappear 16 hours earlier. The main reason for treatment with antibiotics is to reduce the possibility of contracting more dangerous diseases. For example, a type of heart disease called rheumatic fever or an accumulation of pus in the throat called pharyngitis. Taking antibiotics within 9 days from the onset of symptoms is most effective.

What are the symptoms of purulent sore throat?
1- Throat pain and burning in the throat area, especially when swallowing food
2- Fever
3- Swelling and painful lymph nodes in the neck area
4- The feeling of tiredness and bruised body
5- Tonsils are swollen and often covered with purulent spots.
6- The area of ​​the roof of the mouth becomes red and inflamed.

* Attention : Cough, hoarseness, runny nose are not symptoms of purulent sore throat and are mostly viral.

What is the transmission of purulent sore throat?
Transmission of streptococcal infection occurs through droplets when sneezing and coughing in a person with purulent sore throat.

What is the duration of the hiding period (hidden period)?
The incubation period (from the time the infection enters the body until the symptoms are seen) of this disease is 1-3 days.
In order to detect the type of streptococcus, we can take a culture sample from the throat.

After 2 days, the definitive culture solution will be prepared.

What is the treatment of purulent sore throat of streptococcal type:
1- The treatment is either by injection or orally.
If the treatment is by injection, one dose of injectable penicillin is prescribed, and in the case of oral treatment, oral penicillin is prescribed for 10 days.


How many days is the duration of purulent sore throat disease?
In case of taking antibiotics, the symptoms will decrease 24 hours after the start of taking antibiotics.
But if antibiotics are not started for the patient, the symptoms may last for several weeks.

Attention, dear parents:
In case of sore throat in children, avoid going to school for 24 hours.

If the purulent sore throat treatment is incomplete or the antibiotic treatment is not done, what are the consequences?
1- Rheumatic fever
2- Damage to the kidneys
3- Damage to the heart

What is rheumatic fever?
Rheumatic fever is a very serious problem that can be caused by improper treatment of purulent sore throat or lack of antibiotics.

Symptoms of rheumatic fever include the following symptoms:
1- Insufficiency of heart valves
2- Joint pain and swelling
3- Involuntary body movements
4- Fever
5- Skin rashes

Rheumatic fever usually develops 2-5 weeks after a throat infection.

How is the damage to the kidneys?
Another complication of purulent sore throat is damage to the kidneys, which manifests itself 10 days after untreated streptococcal infection, which may lead to temporary or permanent kidney failure.

Its symptoms include:
1- Reducing the amount of urine
2- Dark colored urine
3- Slight swelling around the eyes
4- Fatigue

How to prevent the complications of streptococcal infection?
1- See a doctor for diagnosis and avoid self-medication.

2- If injectable antibiotic is prescribed, penicillin test must be done before injection.

tip :If you have a history of penicillin allergy, be sure to inform your doctor.

3- Pay attention if you use oral antibiotics
The duration of the treatment is 10 days. Take the medicine according to the doctor’s order and at the specified time. If your patient’s symptoms improve at the beginning of the treatment, complete the duration of the treatment.

4- If the doctor determines that the cause of sore throat is viral, there is no need to treat with antibiotics. Therefore, in order to prevent microbial resistance, do not suggest antibiotics to the doctor.

5- People who suffer from rheumatic fever should use antibiotics for specific periods until the age of 40 or until the end of life according to the opinion of the doctor.


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