Which skin problems are more common in Iranians?

Skin diseases can happen to anyone. According to the vice president of the Iranian Association of Dermatologists, pigmented and blistering diseases are among the most common skin diseases in Iran. Knowing the type of disease is very effective in treating it. Join us for these diseases and their prevalence in our country.

Dr. Farhad Hanjani stated: Among the most common skin diseases in Iran, acne or pimples on the face and upper body and pigment diseases such as pimples or blemishes on the face are also very common in the country.

Vitiligo is a skin condition in which white spots appear due to loss of skin pigment; These lesions can be seen anywhere on the body.
In this disease, numerous white and milky spots are usually seen symmetrically on both sides of the body. The most common areas of skin involvement in the disease include the face, lips, hands, arms, legs, and genitals.

He added: “In addition, skin eczema in childhood and adulthood, blisters and psoriasis are other common skin diseases in Iran.”
Psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases in which the immune system of people with impaired signals, accelerates the growth of skin cells.

Normally, skin cells constantly move from the underlying layers to the surface, where they lose their nuclei and are excreted as dead scales from the body. Accelerated as a result, several layers of dead cells accumulate on the surface of the skin, forming the scales of psoriasis.
Reminding that Iran is one of the countries with the highest number of blister diseases, including pemphigus, Hanjani said: “The country’s dermatologists should do more serious treatment in this field.”

Pemphigus is a blister and a rare skin disease caused by a defect in the immune system and covers the skin and mucous membranes.
The exact cause of this disease is not yet known, but what happens in this disease can be defined as the loss of adhesion between the stratum corneum (keratinocytes).

Professor of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences also explained about the causes of skin diseases: A set of different factors are involved in the occurrence of these diseases and environmental factors and genetic aspects are influential, but recently the role of genetics in skin diseases has been very prominent. Skin cancers in particular receive more attention and emphasis.
He mentioned the lack of an accurate system for registering various diseases as one of the problems in the country and said: Regarding cancers, disease registration systems have been set up, but this is not possible for most diseases, and we should try to register cases for skin diseases. To be accurate.
** The prevalence of malignant skin cancer in Iran is lower than in the United States and Europe
Regarding the prevalence of skin cancers in the country, Hanjani said: “Basal cell carcinoma called basal cell carcinoma is more common in our country, which does not give metastasis (penetration to other tissues), and of course the incidence of this cancer in Iran with It is not much different from other countries in the world and is almost as big as the world average.
“Another type of skin cancer called melanoma is very common in European countries and the United States, which can be fatal, and the prevalence of this type of cancer in Iran is much lower than in Europe and the United States,” said the vice president of the Iranian Association of Dermatologists.

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer that almost never spreads to other tissues in the body, but it can still grow and invade surrounding tissue.
Melanoma is the most malignant skin cancer and originates from skin melanocytes that are prone to malignancy.
Melanocytes naturally produce dark pigments in the skin, hair, eyes and moles.
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