Why does the stomach swell and how is it treated?

Gastritis an expression medical That is inflammation The inner lining of the stomach Is. This It means that White blood cells To Wall Stomach moves. Gastritis It does not mean that That Ulcers Or cancer There is. Gastritis Is many of reasons، Includes infection with Bacteria H. پیلوری، Reflex Bile، Or Consumption more than Alcohol or some of Foods or Consumption Medications such as aspirin

What is gastritis?

Gastritis is inflammation, discomfort, and erosion of the gastric ester that can appear suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronically). This gastrointestinal problem is a complex group of gastric diseases that have one thing in common, which is gastritis. This digestive problem is usually caused by an infection with the same bacteria that causes stomach ulcers. Injury, regular use of painkillers and drinking alcohol can also cause this digestive problem (gastritis). Gastritis can cause stomach ulcers as well as an increased risk of stomach cancer.

What are the causes of gastritis?

This digestive problem may be the result of alcohol, chronic vomiting, stress, or certain medications such as aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs. Gastritis is also the result of:

  • Helicobacter pylori infection (H. pylori) – This bacterium is a bacterium that lives in the gastric mucosa. Without treatment, the infection can cause stomach ulcers and in some people stomach cancer.
  • Dangerous anemia Pernicious anemia – This type of anemia occurs when the stomach is unable to absorb and digest vitamin B12 in the body.
  • Biliary Reflux – The return of bile from the gallbladder to your stomach.
  • Infection – Infections caused by bacteria and viruses.
  • Diseases such as Crohn’s disease and sarcoidosis

If gastritis is not treated, it can cause severe blood loss and can increase the risk of stomach cancer.

What are the symptoms of this complication?

The symptoms of gastritis vary from person to person and many people do not even feel the symptoms of the disease. However, if symptoms do occur, the most common are:

  • Permanent nausea or upset stomach
  • Flatulence and bloating
  • stomach ache
  • Vomit
  • Indigestion
  • Feeling of burning in the stomach between meals or at night
  • Vomiting blood or coffee-like substances


Symptoms of chronic gastritis can lead to the following:

  • Anemia
  • Shortness of breath
  • Low heart rate
  • Vertigo
  • Chest pain
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Vomiting with blood
  • Bloody and smelly stools

Factors that increase the risk of gastritis?

Factors that increase the risk of developing this digestive problem include:

  • Bacterial Infections – Although Helicobacter pylori infection is one of the most common infections in humans, only some people become infected with gastritis or other stomach disorders. Doctors believe that bacterial allergies may be the result of hereditary factors or that lifestyle problems such as smoking and high stress can cause the problem.
  • Regular use of painkillers – Common painkillers such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen can cause acute or chronic gastritis. Regular use of these painkillers or their high consumption can weaken the stomach ester. Usually due to low consumption and sometimes these drugs do not cause this digestive problem. Also, acetaminophen does not cause this digestive problem.
  • Aging – Adults and the elderly are at greater risk for developing this digestive problem.
  • Stress – Severe stress from major surgery, injury, burns, or severe infection can cause acute gastritis.
  • Immune system attack on the stomach – In this digestive problem called autoimmune gastritis, your immune system attacks the stomach. Autoimmune gastritis is more common in people with Hashimoto’s disease and type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune gastritis may be associated with vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Other diseases and problems – This digestive problem may be associated with other problems such as HIV / AIDS, Crohn’s disease and parasitic infections.

Complications and risks of this digestive problem

This gastrointestinal problem, if left untreated, can lead to stomach ulcers. Rarely, some types can increase the risk of stomach cancer. If your treatment does not respond, consult your doctor.

Side effects of chronic gastritis

  • Destruction of the stomach wall and its inflammation
  • Anemia: This digestive problem can cause chronic bleeding, which in turn leads to anemia.
  • Atrophic gastritis: Chronic inflammation in the stomach can cause the destruction of stomach acid-producing glands.
  • Gastrointestinal ulcers: Ulcers can form on the lining of the stomach and duodenum
  • Growth of cancer cells in the lining of the stomach: In people with gastritis, the risk of benign and malignant diseases increases. If Helicobacter pylori bacteria cause gastritis, they increase the risk of a special type of cancer known as gastric mucosal lymphoma (MALT).

Acute gastritis usually does not lead to complications.

How is gastritis diagnosed?

To diagnose this digestive problem, your doctor will review your and your family’s medical history, examine you thoroughly, and recommend some of the following tests:

  • Upper endoscopy
  • blood test
  • Stool secret blood test (stool test)


How is this digestive problem treated?

The treatment of this closed problem is variable because of it. Acute gastritis caused by alcohol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be cured by stopping taking them. Chronic gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection can be cured with antibiotics.

In most cases, your doctor will use acid-lowering drugs to treat you. If this digestive problem is dangerous as a result of anemia, your doctor will prescribe supplements containing vitamin B12.

Medications used for treatment include:

  • Antibiotics such as clarithromycin and amoxicillin or metronidazole
  • Stomach acid-lowering drugs such as omeprazole
  • Drugs that reduce the production of acid entering the gastrointestinal tract such as ranitidine, famotidine

Treat gastritis with lifestyle changes

You may improve slightly if you do the following:

  • Small and more meals – If you have frequent indigestion, try to make your meals smaller and more frequent.
  • Avoid unhealthy foods – Avoid foods that irritate the stomach, especially acidic, fried, spicy or fatty foods.
  • Stress Management – Stress can make this digestive problem worse. Although stress is difficult to avoid, it can be controlled by learning ways. Relying on God and praying is the best way to control stress.
  • Changing painkillers – If you are taking painkillers regularly, talk to your doctor about alternative medications such as acetaminophen.

Home treatment of this digestive problem

Treatment with potato juice


  • 2-3 raw potatoes
  • Hot water

What you need to do

  • Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice.
  • Squeeze thoroughly to drain the water and mix half a glass of this potato juice with warm water and drink it half an hour before a meal.

How long do you have to do this?

You can make a glass of potato juice this way and drink it twice a day.

Why it works

Potato juice is a rich source of alkaline salts that fight excess acid in the stomach. It also reduces gastritis.

Treatment of gastritis with coconut oil


  • Pure coconut oil or olive oil

What you need to do

  • Add yourself to a portion of your diet. For example, pour it on your rice or add it to your salad.

How long do you have to do this?

Take 2-3 teaspoons of this oil a day.

Why it works

Coconut and olive oils contain antioxidants that can reduce oxidative stress in the stomach due to inflammation. This can prevent some of the complications of gastritis and reduce its symptoms. These oils are also used to reduce gastritis with anti-inflammatory properties. Coconut oil and olive oil also have antimicrobial agents that can kill the bacteria that cause the disease.

Treatment with aloe vera


  • 2 teaspoons fresh aloe vera gel
  • a glass of water

What you need to do

Mix aloe vera gel with water and drink it.

How long do you have to do this?

You can drink 1 to 2 glasses of this mixture every day.

Why it works

Aloe vera juice is very soothing for an irritated stomach. It also reduces gastritis with its anti-inflammatory activity. The antiseptic agent of this plant can cure bacterial infections.

Cabbage smoothie for the treatment of gastritis


  • Green cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Celery


What to do

  • Melt the green cabbage.
  • Take a cup of cabbage juice.
  • Take the juice of some carrots and celery stalks and add it to make it more delicious and taste.

How long do you have to do this?

Drink this drink 3-4 times a day.

Why it works

Cabbage contains vitamin U, which is known to heal wounds. Cabbage can improve gastritis and get rid of this problem in a few days. This water also has a cleansing effect on the stomach and intestines.

Effective vitamins for gastritis

Vitamin C improves the immune response. That’s why people with gastritis often take vitamin C supplements. These vitamins help the body fight infection better and faster. It also improves the healing of injuries and ulcers in the stomach and intestines. Another vitamin that can help improve gastritis is vitamin B12. Deficiency of this vitamin is often seen in patients with gastritis. The dosage of both of these vitamins should be determined in consultation with your doctor.


Foods you should not eat

  • Coffee
  • Green or black tea
  • Hot chocolate or cocoa
  • Mint tea and mint
  • Whole milk and cream
  • alcoholic drinks
  • Orange and grapefruit juices
  • Spicy cheese
  • Sausages, sausages, hams and…
  • Garlic
  • Tomato juice, paste or sauce
  • Chili, chili powder, black pepper and garlic powder

Food that you can eat

If you have this digestive problem, do not let the above list be removed from your diet:

  • Wheat bread, wheat pasta, cereals and brown rice
  • Chicken, chicken and fish
  • Fruits (pomegranate, kiwi, cherry, peach, apple, banana and plum)
  • Vegetables (celery, potatoes, broccoli, carrots, beets, cabbage, spinach, squash, squash)
  • Olive oil, canola oil and rice bran oil
  • Lentils, tofu and beans
  • Low-fat milk and low-fat yogurt
  • Almonds

For more information on good foods for gastritis, you should definitely consult a nutritionist.


Suitable diet plan for gastritis (vegetarians)

Meal What to eat
Before breakfast 1 glass of drinking water with 1 tablespoon of honey
Breakfast Options:

  • Oatmeal with skim milk
  • Spinach, grapes, and kiwi
Lunch Options:

  • Carrots, vegetables and broccoli salad
  • Squash or cucumber soup
  • 1 medium bowl of boiled pumpkin
after lunch 1 cup nonfat yogurt
evening meal 1 glass of pomegranate juice (without salt)
Dinner Options:

  • Whole wheat pasta with olive oil, basil, zucchini, and broccoli
  • Red beans with carrots and beets

The right diet for people with digestive problems (omnivores)

Meal What to eat
Before breakfast 1 glass of drinking water with 1 tablespoon of honey
Breakfast Options:

  • 1 boiled egg (whole) + 1 piece of bread
  • Bananas, apples and peaches
Lunch Options:

  • Chicken soup with carrots, red onion and spinach
  • Grilled fish
after lunch A small bowl of grapes
evening meal 1 glass of pomegranate juice (without salt)
Dinner Options:

  • Cooked salmon with broccoli
  • Chicken breast pieces with chopped yellow lentils and cabbage

Prevention of gastritis

One way to prevent gastritis is to prevent infection with Heliobacter pylori. Evidence suggests that the bacterium is transmitted from human to human or through contaminated food. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water and use well-cooked foods.

When should we see a doctor?

Most people with gastrointestinal illnesses, such as indigestion, do not see a doctor right away. They wait at least a few days and see a doctor if they do not get better by changing their lifestyle and eating habits. See your doctor if you notice symptoms of this complication and do not see any improvement after a few days. Tell your doctor if you have stomach upset after taking medication or over-the-counter medications, especially aspirin or other painkillers. See your doctor right away if you notice blood in your vomit or stool, or even if your stool looks white or black.

Briefly see a doctor immediately if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Produces excessive amounts of yellow or green vomit or bloody vomit
  • Inability to consume foods or fluids without vomiting
  • Black or bloody stools
  • Abdominal pain with fever
  • Low back pain or feeling weak
  • Fast heart rate
  • Excessive sweating
  • pale complexion
  • Shortness of breath

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